MARTA going green by trying an electric bus for 30 days

By Maria Saporta

MARTA picked St. Patrick’s Day to start trying out an all-electric bus.

The bus is manufactured Proterra, a Silicon Valley company with its manufacturing base in Greenville, S.C. It has a nominal range of about 60 miles, but it has a “fast charge” capability of 10 minutes or less.

“Right now, this is a demonstration,” said Michael Hennessy, regional sales director for Proterra in Greenville. “We will be here for the next 30 days. We have brought in a portable fast-charger for the demonstration.”

 

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MARTA’s Keith Parker and Michael Hennessy stand in front of an all electric Proterra bus (Photo by Maria Saporta)

Keith Parker, MARTA’s general manager and CEO, said the transit agency is looking to have a variety of buses in its fleet – from compressed natural gas, diesel, double-decker buses and electric.

“We promised a while back that this would no longer be a one size fits all company,” said Parker, who said MARTA also is planning to add more smaller buses to its fleet. “We are just getting on a new commitment to sustainability.”

The Proterra bus that reporters were able to ride on Friday is more than 40 feet long, seats 50 people and has standing room for another 37.

The batteries are located between the wheel wells. Because it is made from composite materials, it weighs between 3,000 and 4,000 pounds less than a conventional bus, which means less wear and tear on the roads.

Hennessy said the cost of the all-electric bus is about 20 to 30 percent more, but it will save $400,000 and $500,000 in operating costs over its 12 to 15 year lifespan. Electric buses have fewer moving parts, so there is less maintenance costs. The rest of the savings come from having no fuel expenses.

A major appeal for electric buses – especially in urban areas – is that they have zero emissions, Hennessy said. Also, because the battery and the engine are underneath the bus, there is a rear window, a feature few modern buses have.

“It’s more stable than a conventional bus,” Hennessy said because it has most of the weight at the bottom. Also Hennessy said it has a “300 horsepower motor, which allows us to climb hills.”

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A demonstration electric bus by Proterra on display Friday at MARTA headquarters (Photo by Maria Saporta)

Parker was especially impressed by how quiet the bus was when it was parked next to MARTA’s headquarters with the motor running.

“We are actually taking a new look at what we want the new fleet to be,” Parker said, adding it was likely electric buses would become part of its fleet. He said they would be particularly appropriate to use electric buses on routes that serve college campuses.

The cost of one of Proterra’s electric buses can be as high as $800,000, but Parker said the cost of traditional buses have been increasing, and now they cost about $600,000 apiece.

“Electric buses cost more upfront,” Parker said. “But they have a lot fewer moving parts so they will be cheaper for us to maintain than a typical diesel.”

Parker said most buses have a 12- to 15-year lifespan, and because of the recent vote to increase MARTA’s sales tax by a half penny in the City of Atlanta, the transit agency will be able to continue modernizing its fleet.

Although Parker has had experience with Proterra when he was running the transit agency in San Antonio, he said any procurement of new buses “will be competitive.”

To that Hennessy said that Proterra was one of the first to manufacture electric buses, so it has a great deal of experience.

“Every single manufacturer of buses has an electric bus (as part of its offerings),” Hennessy said. “And that’s good for everybody.”

MARTA's Keith Parker gets ready to board Proterra bus (By Maria Saporta)

MARTA’s Keith Parker gets ready to board Proterra bus (By Maria Saporta)

Hennessy porterra

Michael Hennessy speaks at the press briefing about MARTA’s interest in added electric vehicles to its fleet (Photo by Maria Saporta)

Maria Saporta, Editor, is a longtime Atlanta business, civic and urban affairs journalist with a deep knowledge of our city, our region and state.  Since 2008, she has written a weekly column and news stories for the Atlanta Business Chronicle. Prior to that, she spent 27 years with The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, becoming its business columnist in 1991. Maria received her Master’s degree in urban studies from Georgia State and her Bachelor’s degree in journalism from Boston University. Maria was born in Atlanta to European parents and has two young adult children.

4 replies
  1. Burroughston Broch says:

    An electric bus is only as “green” as the electric utility that charges it. Since Georgia Power’s is not very “green”, the term “green” bus is a misnomer at best.Report

    Reply
    • Facts says:

      MARTA’s Laredo Bus Facility in Decatur is the largest solar PV installation in Georgia, generating more than 1.2MW of sustainable power. It’s not implausible to think that MARTA could provide a significant portion of the energy needed to power its own electric bus fleet by expanding this initiative.Report

      Reply
      • Burroughston Broch says:

        The bus only has a 60 mile range between recharges and the routes on which MARTA wants to use it are a long way from Laredo. You can bet they will recharge from Georgia Power. Beside, the Laredo PV array doesn’t work at night, unless you think MARTA shouldn’t use the bus at night.Report

        Reply
  2. Don Francis says:

    If you are concerned about the emissions impact of battery electric vehicles, please review the studies release by the Sierra Club and the Union of Concerned Scientist both of which show that a battery electric bus is today much cleaner then diesel and is continuing to get cleaner as the electric generation in Georgia moves from coal to natural gas to renewable like wind and solar. Do not let the perfect get in the way of the good.Report

    Reply

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