By David Pendered
The Atlanta BeltLine is evolving quickly into a name-brand transit system that could serve thousands of streetcar riders and untold numbers of cyclists and pedestrians by the end of this decade.
That’s partly because the name “BeltLine” has become shorthand for four proposed streetcar projects to be paid for through the proposed 1 percent sales tax for transportation. Just half of the 10-plus mile streetcar system would be built in the BeltLine corridor, but its linkage to the BeltLine has earned it a BeltLine tagline.
The way several BeltLine officials explain it, this evolving view of the BeltLine results from its central role in Atlanta’s ongoing efforts to improve mobility in the region’s urban core.
“We are pursuing an aggressive, integrated strategy to build out the transit network in the City of Atlanta over the next 10 years,” said Ethan Davidson, spokesman for the BeltLine. “The streetcar concept and BeltLine are not happening separately. They are happening together and will be built out as part of the same process.”
To get a sense of the blurring boundaries, consider the formal name of the $600 million streetcar project as listed by the committee that crafted the project list for the proposed sales tax, the Atlanta Regional Roundtable: “Atlanta Beltline and Atlanta Streetcar Transit and Trail.”
The original vision for the BeltLine was of a linear park in the shape of an oval, with transit and trails built on 22 miles of railroad corridors. Tax incentives were created to spur construction of homes, offices and shops along the trail and in adjoining neighborhoods.
Now, the vision of Atlanta’s transit plan is more complete, and complex. The name “BeltLine” often seems to be attached to everything except the Atlanta Streetcar in a comprehensive mobility plan that includes:
- The Beltline loop of transit, trails and development;
- The Atlanta Streetcar, now under construction in Downtown Atlanta to link Centennial Olympic Park with the Martin Luther King Jr. National Historic Site;
- Various pedestrian and bicycle paths, from ones that begin in the central business district to the proposed trail along Ga. 400, in Buckhead;
- Four streetcar projects that would be funded with $600 million from the transportation sales tax. Two of these projects would connect to form one project through Midtown, along an undetermined route that is already ginning up controversy.
The BeltLine’s chief transit and transportation planner, Nathan Conable, explained his thoughts on why the BeltLine is becoming the de facto descriptor for the streetcar and BeltLine projects.
“Five years ago, there were two completely separate conversations about the BeltLine and the streetcar,” Conable said. “What has happened over the past 18 months is that we’ve tried to pull the conversations together.”
Here is Conable’s description of how the conversations are merging:
“Now we’re talking about one integrated system of transit serving the city and region, and taking away any barriers so that these systems will function as one thing and be as useful to the rider as they can be, while still supporting the vision of building out the BeltLine and creating economic development for the city and the region.”
Here are the streetcar scenarios, as defined by the Atlanta Regional Roundtable. The first project, Atlanta Streetcar, is fully funded. Major funding for the other streetcars projects are included in the proposed 1 percent sales tax for transportation.
- The Atlanta Streetcar will link Centennial Olympic Park with the Martin Luther King Jr. National Historic Site.
- On the west side of Downtown, a streetcar would connect with the end of the Atlanta Streetcar at Centennial Park. The streetcar route would continue to a station a short distance to the north, where a spur would be built to connect to MARTA’s North Avenue Station and continue to the old City Hall East. Going back to the junction station just north of Centennial Park, the streetcar project would proceed west to the BeltLine corridor at U.S. 78. Then it would travel south along the BeltLine corridor toward a terminus near West End, at the corner of Ralph David Abernathy Boulevard and Cascade Avenue.
- On the east side of Downtown, a streetcar would begin at the MLK site, at the eastern terminus of the Atlanta Streetcar, and go east to the BeltLine corridor at Edgewood Avenue or Irwin Street, then head north along the corridor to a final stop at Piedmont Park. A spur that appears on the map, but not the description, would be built at the intersection with North Avenue and link with the spur to be built from the line that begins at Centennial Park.
According to the project list, the overall streetcar project would connect the following destinations:
- Centennial Olympic Park;
- Coca‐Cola Company headquarters;
- Downtown Atlanta;
- Georgia Aquarium,
- Georgia Institute of Technology;
- Georgia State University;
- Historic West End;
- Inman Park Village;
- Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historic Site;
- Peachtree Center MARTA Station;
- Piedmont Park;
- Ponce City Market (AKA City Hall East);
- The Carter Center;
- Washington Park;
- Woodruff Park;
- World of Coca‐Cola.