A slice of Americana, the black powder longrifle, to make annual appearance

By David Pendered

The otherworldly sound and smoke of black powder weapons will move from the fields of historic reenactments to the hunting tracts of Georgia next weekend, as thousands of hunters armed with muzzleleaders are expected to head out in search of deer.

longrifle, judson brennan

The holes in the target were created by nine shots fired from a distance of 25 yards by Alaska artisan Judson Brennan, who made the weapon. The inscription to a Boy Scout Troop in Lebanon, Penna. notes that Brennan wanted the boys to know the gun delivered a precise shot. Credit :judsonbrennan.blogspot.com

This early start of deer season that’s reserved for primitive weapons is a rite of passage for those hunters who will reach for the type of weapons made famous by fictional characters who run deep in the U.S. psyche. Among them is Natty Bumppo, the hero of James Fennimore Cooper’s Leatherstocking Tales. Bumppo wielded a gun named Killdeer and was such a crack shot that one of his nicknames was Deerslayer.

Georgia is among the states that open deer season earlier for muzzleloaded weapons than modern rifles. Perhaps, muzzleloaders aren’t as precise as modern rifles and their users are granted an advantage over hunters with modern weapons. Perhaps precision with a black-powder weapon is a lost art for some of the 41,000 hunters estimated hunted by the state to have hunted last year with muzzleloaders.

The state gives hunters wielding muzzleloaders a one-week jump before the deer season opens for regular firearms. The season for primitive weapons opens Oct. 13, followed by the opening for modern weapons on Oct. 20.

Hunters who use bows and arrows have a real jump on the rest of the field. Bow season opens Sept. 8. The deer season for hunters regardless of their weapon of choice closes Jan. 13, 2019.

Muzzleloaders are the weapons that factored in the Revolutionary War and the nation’s subsequent westward expansion. They’re the kind that factor in the poem Robert Frost read during the inauguration of John F. Kennedy. The Gift Outright begins with the lines:

“The land was ours before we were the land’s./

“She was our land more than a hundred years/

“Before we were her people….

And concludes with the observation:

“Such as we were we gave ourselves outright/

“(The deed of gift was many deeds of war)/

“To the land vaguely realizing westward,/

“But still unstoried, artless, unenhanced,/

“Such as she was, such as she would become.”

The lore of the muzzleloader includes Daniel Boone, the frontiersman who carried it into present day Kentucky. There, and in the Battle of New Orleans, the name apparently morphed from the Pennsylvania rifle, named for its production in towns including Lancaster, to Kentucky, because of its ubiquitous presence in the Bluegrass State and as the weapon of choice of Kentucky shooters.

The modern day Kentucky Rifle Association proclaims on its homepage that, “Not only is the American longrifle a significant historical artifact, it is also one of the finest forms of pure American art ever produced by this country.”

The lore and legend that surrounds the gun has created a place of near reverence for a Capt. G.W. Dillin, who wrote a book described as the seminal piece on the Kentucky rifle, duly named The Kentucky Rifle. First published in 1924, the book has gone through six editions, includes 126 illustrated plates and now sells on amazon.com at prices ranging from about $55 to $140.

Dillin’s oft-quoted description of the weapon reads, according to an account on grandviewoutdoorworld.com:

Alaska artisan Judson Brennan makes longrifles and other primitive weapons at his shop and forge at his home on Tenderfoot Hill, located about 29 miles north of Delta Junction, Alaska. Credit: judsonbrennan.blogspot.com

  • “From a flat bar of soft iron, hand forged into a gun barrel; laboriously bored and rifled with crude tools; fitted with a stock hewn from a maple tree in the neighboring forest; and supplied with a lock hammered to shape on the anvil; an unknown smith, in a shop long since silent, fashioned a rifle which changed the whole course of world history; made possible the settlement of a continent; and ultimately freed our country of foreign domination.
  • “Light in weight; graceful in line; economical in consumption of powder and lead; fatally precise; distinctly American; it sprang into immediate popularity; and for a hundred years was a model often slightly varied but never radically changed.”



David Pendered, Managing Editor, is an Atlanta journalist with more than 30 years experience reporting on the region’s urban affairs, from Atlanta City Hall to the state Capitol. Since 2008, he has written for print and digital publications, and advised on media and governmental affairs. Previously, he spent more than 26 years with The Atlanta Journal-Constitution and won awards for his coverage of schools and urban development. David graduated from North Carolina State University and was a Western Knight Center Fellow. David was born in Pennsylvania, grew up in North Carolina and is married to a fifth-generation Atlantan.

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