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David Pendered

Prayers for rain, Senate takes on Supreme Court ruling – all part of Georgia’s water policy issues

Editor’s Note: This is the second of three stories this week that will look at water issues that affect metro Atlanta. Click here to read the first in the series.

By David Pendered

Metro Atlanta probably celebrated too swiftly after the U.S. Supreme Court ruled last year the region may continue to draw drinking water from Lake Lanier.

Though the ruling was rightly portrayed, by Georgians, as a major victory, the battle is far from over. The U.S. Senate toyed with the court’s ruling last month before it adopted omnibus water legislation. Water proposals abound in Georgia – where lakes are full six years after a governor led prayers for rain.

All of this results in water supply remaining one of the region’s major policy questions. Not to be overlooked are neighboring communities, and creatures, who rely on the same sources of water.

“We’re still no closer to resolution, even though the court said water supply is an authorized purpose, because we still have the issue coming up in different venues,” said Katherine Zitsch, director of the Metropolitan North Georgia Water District, which oversees water planning for 15 metro counties.

Prayer is one such venue. It wasn’t so long ago that a Georgia governor led a prayer service for rain.

In 2007, at the state Capitol, Gov. Sonny Perdue led a service to address the worst drought in decades. Hundreds attended to support the prayers led by Perdue, a Republican who grew up in a farming family in Middle Georgia.

“Oh father, we acknowledge our wastefulness,” Perdue said. “But we’re doing better. And I thought it was time to acknowledge that to the creator, the provider of water and land, and to tell him that we will do better.”

The service certainly galvanized public attention on the water plight facing drought-stricken southeastern states. One upshot was the sudden appearance of rain barrels and their recent endorsement by the Regional Business Coalition of Metro Atlanta. Other plans began surfacing, some very high-tech and one national in scope.

A proposal in southwest Georgia calls for pumping water from one aquifer to another and releasing it during times of drought into the Flint River. If it works, Atlanta and other users along the Chattahoochee River could increase their water use, because flow requirements for the Apalachicola River may be met by the aquifer storage and recovery program.

Rain barrels, with Councilmember Bond

At a barrel decorating event last fall, Atlanta Counciperson Michael Julian Bond gave his support to the class science project at Mary McLeod Bethune Elementary School. File/Credit: City of Atlanta

The ASR statute, which some compare to western-style water law, would be codified into state law if the Georgia General Assembly approves Senate Bill 213, which seeks to amend the Flint River Protection Act. The bill also sets a March 1 deadline for the Environmental Protection Division to predict a drought in any given year.

The Senate passed SB 213 with one dissenting vote, Sen. Jeff McKoon (R-Columbus). Environmental groups, including the Chattahoochee Riverkeeper, lobbyied against the bill and it stalled in the House. There’s been some speculation that Robert F. Kennedy Jr. intended his remarks this month concerning Georgia’s water management, and its impact on the Apalachicola River and its seafood industry, to mobilize opposition to SB 213 when it comes back for debate in the 2014 legislative session.

Another state proposal would allow proceeds of state bonds and other money that’s earmarked for reservoir projects to be used for other ways to enhance water supplies. Rep. Ed Lindsey (R-Atlanta) introduced House Bill 199 and the House passed it unanimously. The Senate saw things differently and voted to put HB 199 on the table, which means the Senate must vote affirmatively to bring it up for further consideration in 2014.

The national legislation is the one Zitsch is watching.

Notwithstanding the import of the local and state efforts to manage water resources, they pale in comparison to the Water Resources Development Act – a $12.5 billion spending proposal for flood control and mitigation, port improvements and other water-related projects.

Senators from Alabama and Florida tried to amend Senate Bill 601. Their goal was to insert language that would have compelled the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to seek congressional approval for any requests for water that would have changed the storage plans for a federal reservoir by 5 percent or more. The move was aimed at Georgia’s water management policies.

The Flint River would receive water pumped from aquifers under a proposal by the Southwest Georgia Regional Commission. File/Credit: sherpaguides.com

The Flint River would receive water pumped from aquifers under a proposal by the Southwest Georgia Regional Commission. File/Credit: sherpaguides.com

The effort by Georgia’s competitors in the tri-state water war failed, and the Senate didn’t include it in the final version that was passed May 15. If the concept resurfaces and does become law, the measure will have trumped Georgia’s victory in the Supreme Court ruling. As it stands, the governors of Alabama, Floridan and Georgia remain the primary negotiators.

The bill has not been scheduled for a hearing in the House. Its fate is unclear due, in part, to the House’s stated concerns over spending.

Meanwhile, Zitsch also is keeping an eye on the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. The corps is in the process of rewriting the manual for the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint river system. This will be the first update since the 1950s, which was an era that preceded the population boom of metro Atlanta and regions that rely on the ACF system.

“Until the federal government settles it, or the corps does its work, we are just going to be always fighting this battle because water is a limited resource,” Zitsch said. “We have to use it wisely.”

David Pendered

David Pendered, Managing Editor, is an Atlanta journalist with more than 30 years experience reporting on the region’s urban affairs, from Atlanta City Hall to the state Capitol. Since 2008, he has written for print and digital publications, and advised on media and governmental affairs. Previously, he spent more than 26 years with The Atlanta Journal-Constitution and won awards for his coverage of schools and urban development. David graduated from North Carolina State University and was a Western Knight Center Fellow.


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  1. David Kyler June 20, 2013 8:26 am

    Consistent with past tradition in covering this issue, Georgia’s major water user, power production, is conspicuously unmentioned (so far) in this discussion about the state’s mismanagement of water resources. 
    Surely the exemption of the power industry from water conservation requirements under Georgia law deserves some reconsideration. How is it that an industry that vaporizes hundreds of millions of gallons daily from our rivers is not held unaccountable while Georgia thrashes about seeking legally complicated and expensive remedies for water-supply shortages? 
    A proposal to spend some $22 billion on reservoirs across the state clearly shifts the financial burden of water use from power producers to taxpayers — in effect, a hidden state-sponsored subsidy for power-company stockholders.
    According to reliable sources of information about these issues, Georgians actually waste more water in powering their households than by turning on the tap, because power-plants are allowed to squander so much water in producing electricity. Somehow, that astounding fact is never exposed, much less explored, in media coverage of Georgia’s water management woes.
    Until reasonable water conservation practices are required of energy-producers in Georgia, citizens and taxpayers can be expected to suffer the downside of the state’s inept, politically corrupted  half-baked “solutions” to chronic water problems.
    Energy choices and energy regulation must be guided by clear understanding about their implications for other issues — including water management and public health.  Defending business as usual is a thinly veiled attempt to protect vested interests that are profiting by exploiting public resources at the citizens’ expense.

    David Kyler, Center for a Sustainable Coast, Saint Simons Island, GeorgiaReport

  2. TomClarke June 9, 2016 1:38 am

    A proposal to spend some $22 billion on reservoirs across the state
    clearly shifts the financial burden of water use from power producers to
    taxpayers — in effect, a hidden state-sponsored subsidy for
    power-company stockholders.Report

  3. TomClarke June 9, 2016 1:39 am

    Thank you for the post about this great topic. Thought you maybe interested in an article I posted on <a href=”http://www.area51aliens.org”>Area 51 Aliens</a>.Report


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