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Prevent proposed development to preserve majestic coastal beauty of Cumberland Island

Aerial view of Cumberland Island, May 2017

The National Park Service describes Cumberland Island as Georgia's largest barrier island, a place where, 'pristine maritime forests, undeveloped beaches and wide marshes whisper the stories of both man and nature. Natives, missionaries, enslaved African Americans and Wealthy Industrialists all walked here. Cumberland Island is also home to over 9,800 acres of Congressionally designated Wilderness.' Special to SaportaReport

By Guest Columnist DAVID KYLER, executive director of the Center for a Sustainable Coast, located in St. Simons

Georgians must resolve to protect Cumberland Island as a rare natural treasure

Among my most cherished memories as a kid growing up in western Pennsylvania is a series of summer treks to the New Jersey shore. Reflecting on these memories, it’s evident that from my earliest days I found the attraction of the land-sea boundary instinctive and insistent – a place where some of nature’s most beautiful, dynamic, and, at times, powerful and destructive forces could be witnessed.

David Kyler

David Kyler

This deep-rooted allure has been a dominant factor in the trajectory of my entire 70 years on earth. For the past four decades, I’ve lived and labored in coastal Georgia as a resident of Saint Simons Island. Over these 40 years I’ve worked in environmental planning and conservation of Georgia’s dazzling coast. In retrospect, it’s now evident that my childhood fascination with the natural features of coastal areas fundamentally shaped adult decisions determining my place of residence as well as my life’s work.

Saint Simons is one of a chain of barrier islands along Georgia’s coast. Barrier islands are the products of wind and water shaping sand, soil, and vegetation over vast periods of time – though relatively brief by geological standards. Interceding between the ocean and the mainland, these islands serve as “barriers” which, together with tidal marshlands, protect landward areas from the destructive forces of the wind-driven waves of major storms.

Georgia has eight major barrier islands, only three of which are developed, having causeway access. (Note: Sea Island and Saint Simons are considered as one barrier formation in this description.)

Cumberland Island rally poster, 5-20-17

Advocates of plans to preserve Cumberland Island’s natural beauty, and halt planned development, plan to rally in St. Mary’s on June 24. Credit: David Kyler

Among the world’s most majestic examples of the raw beauty of barrier islands, and Nature’s “crown jewel” of the east coast, is Georgia’s Cumberland Island – one of America’s few congressionally designated National Seashores. Cumberland is also remarkable as the largest barrier island in the northern hemisphere, and yet among the least developed.

Despite the relentless urbanization that has overtaken much of the American coastline, Georgia’s coast – generally more by default than by design – has remained relatively undisturbed. Nowhere is our coast and its stunning beauty better preserved in its natural state than at Cumberland Island – which is the direct result of extensive conservation efforts and considerable taxpayer commitment since the early 1970s. I estimate that well over $100 million has been wisely invested in acquiring and protecting Cumberland Island as a national seashore for the lasting fulfillment of this and future generations.

Cumberland provides the rare experience of witnessing undisturbed nature, a breathtaking exposure to primordial coastal ecosystems as they’ve existed for thousands of years. These complex barrier-island ecosystems, including both beaches and maritime forests, serve as habitat and nesting areas for a diverse array creatures – from sea turtles to shore birds and mammals such as mink, raccoons, and otters.

The unique natural asset of Cumberland Island is so treasured for its uncommonly pristine qualities that it’s attracted millions of visitors from across the nation and well beyond. Primitive camping sites are available, accommodating overnight stays and luring thousands of return enthusiasts yearly.

Aerial view of Cumberland Island, May 2017

The National Park Service describes Cumberland Island as Georgia’s largest barrier island, a place where, ‘pristine maritime forests, undeveloped beaches and wide marshes whisper the stories of both man and nature. Natives, missionaries, enslaved African Americans and Wealthy Industrialists all walked here. Cumberland Island is also home to over 9,800 acres of Congressionally designated Wilderness.’ Special to SaportaReport

In establishing the National Seashore, a few patches of privately owned land were left intact. These “legacy properties” are to revert to public ownership over time. But some 1,000 acres remain in “fee-simple” ownership – and that now raises the ominous prospect of development activities that, if permitted, would fundamentally impair the celebrated natural splendor of Cumberland.

In December of last year the Camden County Planning Commission considered an application for a “hardship variance” to allow a group of Cumberland Island property-owners and family members to use 87 acres on the island to create a 10-lot subdivision. That area, zoned “conservation- preservation,” is less than a quarter-mile from the Sea Camp ferry dock, where nearly all visitors arrive from the mainland. Even though the applicants failed to meet all five variance requirements, their request was granted by a unanimous vote of the county planning commission.

Camden County’s Board of Commissioners has not voted on the recommendation from the Planning Commission.

Shoreline shot from NPS website

Older photos of Cumberland Island reveal that the woods and shoreline have been undisturbed for years. Credit: NPS via David Kyler

Minutes of the board’s Feb. 7 meeting show lawyers for the Southern Environmental Law Center and the developer, Lumar LLC, saying they had met twice. Minutes of the April 4 meeting show 10 citizens attended to speak against the rezoning proposal. Minutes of the April 18 meeting show a lawyer for the SELC said discussions have been positive; 17 citizens spoke against the rezoning proposal.

Meanwhile, the threat of development on Cumberland has intensified, as county officials now consider a proposal to rezone all 1,000 acres of the island’s fee-simple property. If such a proposal were adopted, the consequences would forever extinguish the extraordinary experience of being in this coastal wilderness. Moreover, such allowance would brazenly contradict Congress’s intent when designating Cumberland Island a National Seashore.

It would be both shameful and irresponsible to allow the hard-won and costly national struggle for Cumberland’s protection to be negated by a careless local-government decision made in disregard of national conservation priorities.

cumberland island, Oak corridor

Lawyers for the Southern Environmental Law Center and the developer are in discussions over the future of 87.5 acres, which the owners want to develop into a 10-lot subdivision on Cumberland Island, home to the famed Oak Corridor. Credit: blog.elmonterv.com

Just as U.S. citizens wouldn’t tolerate such threats to Yosemite or Yellowstone – comparable national assets – we must not abide the despoiling of Cumberland’s uniquely profound beauty. Imagine arriving at Cumberland by ferry to witness the horrifying offense of chainsaws, heavy equipment, and falling oaks instead of hearing only the revitalizing tranquility of birdcalls and ocean breezes.

Resolutely defending the promise and longstanding intent to protect Cumberland against such development honors our national identity and our word.  It would be appalling and demoralizing if we allowed this glorious gem of Georgia’s coast to be stripped of its enchantment.  The serene experience of Cumberland must not be debased by the destructive disturbance of more residents, more buildings, and more vehicles.

If we’re truly committed to safeguarding places of exceptional natural beauty, surely we will hold Cumberland Island sacrosanct. The opportunity to experience one of America’s most magnificent places must not be lost to this and future generations.

Cumberland Island, locator map

Cumberland island is about 300 miles southeast of Atlanta. Credit: mapquest.com, David Pendered

As Americans and Georgians we must reassert our conviction that such revered natural treasures must not be irreversibly degraded in the misguided pursuit of private objectives benefitting a few at the expense of the many. Development of Cumberland Island must be prevented by opposing the rezoning of any portion of the thousand acres of remaining private inholdings.

Cumberland guardians should voice concerns by contacting Camden officials via the clerk’s office, kberry@co.camden.ga.us. All concerned are urged to attend a rally in St. Marys on June 24. For further information, go to https://www.facebook.com/SaveCumberlandIsland, hashtag #SaveCumberlandIsland.

Note to readers: The Center for a Sustainable Coast is a non-profit organization formed in 1997 to serve the six ocean shoreline counties and five major watersheds in coastal Georgia. Its mission is to promote the responsible use, protection and conservation of Georgia’s coastal resources – natural, historic and economic. Visit the center’s Facebook page for information about its 20th anniversary at a June 17 event in Savannah.


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  1. Peggy Riggins May 30, 2017 8:08 am

    Thank you, David Kyler, for making Georgians aware of our duty to protect our unique and gorgeous coastal areas. We must not let greed destroy what is invaluable.Report

  2. Concerned Citizen May 30, 2017 10:41 am

    Hopefully Camden Co doesn’t make this thoughtless mistake and that Cumberland Island retains its natural beauty and importance.Report

  3. Noel M. May 30, 2017 5:20 pm

    Thank you for this valuable argument against development on Cumberland Island. Can’t we all agree that there are few special, undeveloped places in the world that are worth preserving? Money can be made, development can be done, in so very many other places. Leave the last wild places alone.Report

  4. Another concerned citizen May 30, 2017 6:47 pm

    I, too, love a sustainable coast. However, I have been investigating this issue, and I find it far more complex than this article implies. The private landowners on Cumberland are not proposing “development.” They seem to have been careful stewards of Cumberland for a long time, and they want the zoning to return to something like it was before the county changed it a few years ago, without anyone seeming to be aware of the change. Those landowners have retained property that the National Park Service was not interested in purchasing. In fact, national parks across the country work very well even with private property inholdings. The major environmental groups seem to understand this.Report

  5. Clay Miller June 6, 2017 5:08 pm

    This is a lot of noise about nothing, and it is based on false assumptions. There will be no “development” and certaninly no condos as some folks are spreading.
    The property in question is privately owned and the family simply wants to divide the property up in order to give it to their children. This family loves Cumberland and I believe they are committed to maintaining and promoting the preservation of the peaceful natural wilderness.
    Truth be told, we owe them a great deal of thanks for the preservation of the island.Report


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