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Remembering our Carnegie Library; hoping Atlanta-Fulton won’t repeat the same mistakes

Carnegie Library

A view of Atlanta's now-demolished Carnegie Library along Carnegie Way (Photo from the U.S. Library of Congress)

By Maria Saporta

The recent focus on the future of the Atlanta-Fulton Central Library designed by world-renowned architect Marcel Breuer is making me feel old.

I am still grieving over the demolition of the beautiful Carnegie Library that used to stand on the same block as the Breuer building from 1902 until 1977.

Carnegie Library

A view of Atlanta’s now-demolished Carnegie Library along Carnegie Way (Photo from the U.S. Library of Congress)

The Carnegie Library played an important part in my life. When I was 16 years old, I began working at the library’s Fine Arts department cleaning and filing classical music albums. I can still see the greenish-tinged light that filled the second floor room as soft music played in the background.

I was making minimum wage – $1.60 cents an hour.  When another position at the library became available, my best friend – Francie – became a co-worker, re-shelving books. After work, we would often stay in the library – reading poetry or checking out books to read at home.

One day, one of the library’s regulars – David – was picketing in front. We started talking and soon became friends. He would joke that folks thought he was a devil, and I told him I thought he was an angel. So I started calling him “Angel.” He would come up to the Fine Arts department wanting to listen to “marching band” music. He said it reminded him of a social worker who had looked after him when he was young.

Angel also would study law books, saying he wanted to become a lawyer so he could defend himself when he got into trouble.

Somewhere along the way, Angel ended up moving to the Decatur Library. Just a few weeks ago, I saw him crossing a street in downtown Decatur, and I stopped to say hello. He still had that warm smile showing a slightly-chipped front tooth, and he told me of his recent issues with the authorities. He aisked me about Francie, saying he had seen her a few years ago.

Only in Atlanta do relationships with friends and acquaintances last longer than our buildings.

Breuer library

Atlanta Fulton Central Library designed by Marcel Breuer (Photo by Maria Saporta)

Back in the early 1970s, conversations began about tearing down the Carnegie Library. The library had been part of a gift from Andrew Carnegie, who had made a fortune in the steel industry and had since become a philanthropist helping set up more than 2,500 libraries around the world.

In three different gifts between 1899 and 1901, Carnegie ended up giving Atlanta a total of $145,000 for its downtown library, which opened March 4, 1902.

During the summer of 1974, I had a summer internship at Creative Loafing where I wrote articles about the Save the Fox movement, which was just taking hold. In one article, I mentioned what a shame it would be to lose the historic Carnegie Library.

A few days later, I went by the Carnegie and was confronted by a couple of the librarians who said Atlanta needed a brand new library to replace what they described was an old, run-down building that was too small and needed to be torn down.

Atlanta, a preservation-challenged city, naturally opted to replace the old with the new.

It moved the public library to a temporary home at 10 Park Place for the three years it took to tear down the Carnegie and build the Breuer library. During time of transition, the library lost a significant chunk of its collection. So when the new building opened, the library had to restock its shelves.

Because I’ve been around so long, I still see the ghost of the Carnegie when I go the Central Library. I wish we had been an enlightened city – like Boston – which kept its gorgeous historic library and hired Philip Johnson to design an expansion. It is one of the best examples of how to integrate a new building to be compatible with a legacy design.

Boston Library

Photo shows the addition to the Boston Public Library that opened in 1972. The addition was designed by architect Philip Johnson, who used design motifs from the historic library (Special: Boston Library)

(Renzo Piano did it with the expansion of the High Museum of Art by paying homage to Richard Meier’s museum that faces Peachtree Street).

I’m guilty for not trying to save the Civic Center because I still harbor resentment from my Save the Fox days. At that time, a common excuse to tear down the Fox Theater was because we had built the brand new Civic Center. The Fox was viewed as being out-of-date and in need of expensive repairs.

So let’s fast forward to the quagmire we are now facing when discussing the fate of the Breuer-designed library. At the recent meeting of the Library Board of Trustees, dozens of people spoke about the building’s potential to reuse – reimagining  the library of the future.

We also want to re-enliven downtown. By thinking creatively on how to plan for the Library’s renovation, urbanists are convinced we will be able to bring new life to the building and our central city – with retail, restaurants and spots that would appeal to young and old and every one in between.

There used to be a fabulous restaurant on the basement level of the Library along Carnegie Way that was a great place for lunch. The Library also has a striking outdoor patio that few people know about.

Sadly, we can’t bring back the old Carnegie Library. But we can save the Breuer Library.

Let’s not keep repeating the same mistakes by constantly tearing down our past. We can show how we have matured as a city by cherishing what we have and making it part of our future.

Maria Saporta

Maria Saporta, Editor, is a longtime Atlanta business, civic and urban affairs journalist with a deep knowledge of our city, our region and state.  Since 2008, she has written a weekly column and news stories for the Atlanta Business Chronicle. Prior to that, she spent 27 years with The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, becoming its business columnist in 1991. Maria received her Master’s degree in urban studies from Georgia State and her Bachelor’s degree in journalism from Boston University. Maria was born in Atlanta to European parents and has two young adult children.



  1. Chad Carlson June 27, 2016 11:37 am

    Thank you for mentioning the Civic Center. Twenty or thirty years from now, that too people will look back on and say “how could they have let that (demolition) happen?”Report

  2. Sdarter June 28, 2016 1:11 pm

    Atlanta’s “progress” has destroyed many things I loved my grandmothers house and her street (Guyton street), the Penny arcade, Red Dog Saloon in Buckhead ( that was the only time I’ve ever been against more green space) and now Manuel’s Tavern. Thanks for reminding me of the Carnegie Library I had forgotten.Report

    1. Larry P December 3, 2022 8:12 am

      Atlanta has always been an immature city that doesn’t think twice about destroying its rich cultural heritage, especially when the destruction can be labeled as “progress.” We might just as well rewrite “Gone With The Wind” to be set in Birmingham or Chattanooga! 😱 We can only hope that one day Atlanta grow up.Report

  3. Philippa June 28, 2016 2:04 pm

    In New York, they converted their Brutalist Breuer building into an outpost of the Met for contemporary art http://www.nytimes.com/2016/03/04/arts/design/at-the-met-breuer-thinking-inside-the-box.html. Can’t we do the same? As a library, the city could not have chosen a less welcoming design. But as a museum for modern art, it could be Atlanta’s answer to the Tate Modern in London.Report

  4. Dowager June 28, 2016 3:39 pm

    Amen. Stop destroying what little is left of our heritage. Same for the Christian Church in Buckhead designed by Toombs, Amisano and Wells.  I drove by the other day for a reality check, and it was still standing. I was impressed once again by how gracefully it connects to Peachtree.  I don’t care how valuable real estate on Peachtree is; Some things are priceless.Report

  5. Mark Rosenberg June 29, 2016 10:18 am

    A moving plea by Atlanta’s most eminent journalist.  What will it take to make us understand that it is better to build on the past than destroy it and start again from scratch?  We have a history that is definitely worth preserving. Definitely.  Let’s not just read Maria; let’s listen to her.

    Mark RosenbergReport

  6. Hatcher Hurd September 9, 2016 5:24 pm

    Thank you for the piece on the Marcel Breuer designed Central Library. I too was blessed with a Carnegie Library (in Moultrie, Ga.). I loved it as a child. I loved the Summer Reading Club and getting stars by my name. I loved discovering “All About Archeaology” by Anne Terry White which sparked a lifelong interest. I covered the old AFPLS Library Board and bigger bunch of self-centered, racist twits I never did see save when I heard Herman Talmadge give a speech. So I am glad there is a reason to preserve that old building. When last I saw my old Carnegie, it was re-purposed as a law office. I had hoped for higher things for it, but at least it is there. What struck me was how small it looked. It was a palace as a child
    Hatcher HurdReport

  7. Elizabeth Weber December 12, 2017 10:30 am

    Recently I visited Atlanta after a 40 year absence and was so disheartened to find the grand old library of my childhood was gone! I too have such fond memories. Since the building was only 70 years old it’s utterly shocking to me that anyone would decide to tear it down. Thanks for covering this important topic.Report

  8. Evan July 3, 2022 5:24 pm

    The Breuer designed central APL is a monstrosity and an example of the worst of modern culture supplanting beautiful classic heritage. The central APL might be useful for archival storage, etc. In the meantime, channel any taxpayer funds that might be used for rehabbing this rock chunk to secure community study centers in low income areas.Report


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