Study shows recession hit pupils, teachers in metro Atlanta school districts as hard as rest of Georgia

By David Pendered

Editor’s Note: Donita Pendered assisted with the data analysis in this report.

Despite the relative wealth of schools systems in metro Atlanta, they have not fared much better than the rest of Georgia over the past decade in terms of maintaining their number of teachers and school days, and classroom sizes, a new report shows.

High school graduation

A recent report from the Georgia Budget and Policy Institute warns that the ingredients that lead to high school graduation are lacking in metro Atlanta school systems. Credit: Reporter Newspapers

The non-profit Georgia Budget and Policy Institute reports a pattern of what it calls “troubling trends” in funding for the state education system. And the trouble didn’t start with the recession: State cuts in per pupil spending began in 2002 and, since then, spending has fallen by 17.6 percent in inflation-adjusted spending, GBPI reports.

The report clarifies at least part of the challenge facing the five-year strategic plan unveiled in June by the Metro Atlanta Chamber. The plan, Forward Atlanta, says the region must “reinvigorate Pre K through college education” in order to become a “world-class, 21st century metro.”

Click here to download “Trouble for Schools,” the latest education survey from the Georgia Budbet and Policy Institute.

Click here to read the Forward Atlanta plan.

A review of GBPI’s statewide figures show that – since 2009 – the six districts in the core of metro Atlanta have reduced the number of teachers and cut their pay. Five districts have more students in each classroom. Three districts teach students fewer days a year.

The ramifications for the future are clear, according to Alan Essig, GBPI’s executive director.

“Georgia’s declining support for public education threatens the long-term health of the state’s economy,” Essig wrote when the report was released Oct. 15.

“Attracting high-wage employers requires a large, well-educated, and highly skilled workforce,” Essig wrote. “Failure to invest in public education is making it difficult to reach the ambitious goals policymakers have set for improving our schools and attracting more employers to the state.”

Pupils boarding bus

Students across metro Atlanta are attending schools for fewer days than they did in the past because of budget shortfalls. Credit: Getty Images

The districts included in this review are Atlanta, Clayton, Cobb, DeKalb, Fulton and Gwinnett. Here’s how they fared in the data the districts reported to GBPI, in a comparison of fiscal years 2009 and 2012:

Fewer classroom teachers

  • Atlanta: Down 15 percent
  • Clayton: Down 0.4 percent
  • Cobb: Down 15.5 percent
  • DeKalb: Down 0.1 percent
  • Fulton: Down 8.6 percent
  • Gwinnett: Down 10.9 percent.

More students in each classroom

  • Atlanta
  • Cobb
  • DeKalb
  • Fulton
  • Gwinnett

Pay cuts for teachers, via shorter teaching contracts:

  • Atlanta: 190 to 186
  • Clayton: 190 to 185
  • Cobb: 191 to 187
  • DeKalb: 189 to 184
  • Gwinnett: 190 to 188.

Fewer school days for students

  • Clayton: 180 to 175
  • Cobb: 180 to 178
  • DeKalb: 180, dipped to 178 in 2010, rose to 186 in 2011, back to 180.

The report contains some financial information that illuminates the numbers.

State and local revenues have fallen in most districts from 2008 to 2011, although Fulton County reported an increase in local revenues, according to a review of GBPI’s report:

Atlanta

  • Local revenues: Down 10 percent
  • State revenues: Down 17 percent.

Clayton

  • Local revenues: Down 17 percent
  • State revenues: Down 8 percent

Cobb

  • Local revenues: Down 9 percent
  • State revenues: Down 5 percent

DeKalb

  • Local revenues: Down 10 percent
  • State revenues: Down 13 percent

Fulton

  • Local revenues: Up 9 percent
  • State revenues: Unchanged

Gwinnett

  • Local revenues: Down 8 percent
  • State revenues: Down 1 percent.

Here’s a summary from the report that places the figures for metro Atlanta into the statewide scenario:

  • Two in three school districts reported cutting the calendar for the current school year;
  • Nearly one in four districts reported that they reduced their school calendar by more than one week;
  • Six in 10 school districts reported an increase in average classroom size from the prior school year;
  • The number of teachers in Georgia classrooms decreased by more than 8,500 since the 2008-09 school year, even as the number of students increased;
  • Three in four school districts reported they would reduce teacher workdays, which means less planning time and pay cuts for teachers.

GBPI’s webpage says the organization is an independent, non-partisan, non-profit group founded in 2004 to raise policy issues in order to advance the quality of life in Georgia.

David Pendered, Managing Editor, is an Atlanta journalist with more than 30 years experience reporting on the region’s urban affairs, from Atlanta City Hall to the state Capitol. Since 2008, he has written for print and digital publications, and advised on media and governmental affairs. Previously, he spent more than 26 years with The Atlanta Journal-Constitution and won awards for his coverage of schools and urban development. David graduated from North Carolina State University and was a Western Knight Center Fellow. David was born in Pennsylvania, grew up in North Carolina and is married to a fifth-generation Atlantan.

3 replies
  1. Burroughston Broch says:

    The GBPI is hardly an independent, non-partisan group since it and its parent organization State Fiscal Analysis Initiative are funded by George Soros and other left-leaning, politically oriented organizations. Go to their website, look a bit deeper, and you will see what I mean. They want to increase the number of public schools employees since the public school teacher unions support the same causes as they do. And yes, Georgia has these unions (GAE, GEA, and others) but they don’t have collective bargaining rights.
     
    The GBPI is trying to sell us on hiring more public school employees with this tale of woe. What the GBPI doesn’t tell us:
    1. Enrollment in the public schools is Metro Atlanta is declining and has been for some time.
    2. As the number of students decline, the need for teachers and non-teaching staff declines.
    3. Public school employment has outpaced the public schools enrollment nationally for decades. Since 1950, the number of students has increased by 96% while the number of teaching staff has increased by 252% and the number of non-teaching personnel by 702%.
    4. Nationally since 1992, the number of students has increased by 17% while the number of teaching staff has increased by 39% and the number of non-teaching staff by 46%.
    5. All this increase in public schools employment and funding has gained us nothing – graduation rates peaked in 1969, 43 years ago.
    6. This information comes from a study published by the Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice. You can find it on line and read it for yourself.
     
    The best ways to correct the public schools budget problems are (1) drastically cut the number of non-teaching employees, and (2) adjust the number of teachers to match the number of students.Report

    Reply

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