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Tom Baxter

Moral Mondays become a focal point for region’s political tensions

By Tom Baxter

With protesters in the streets across the globe from Istanbul to Sao Paulo, what has been going on every Monday in Raleigh for the past couple of months hasn’t received nearly as much attention, outside North Carolina, as the 2011 demonstrations at Wisconsin’s capitol in Madison. But North Carolina’s Moral Mondays, as they’re called, bear watching.

Politics in North Carolina never was as smooth-edged as it might have appeared during the Mayberry era, and in recent years it has cycled into a particularly bitter period. After voting for Barack Obama and electing a Democratic woman, Bev Perdue, governor in 2008, the state swung dramatically to the right in 2010, putting Republicans in control of the legislature and the redistricting process. The GOP tightened its lock in 2012, electing Pat McCrory, the former mayor of Charlotte, governor and strengthening its hold on the legislature.

Just as meaningful as the change from Democrats to Republicans has been the shift within the Republican Party to a more confrontational brand of conservatism. McCrory had a reputation as a moderate when he was mayor, but as governor he has been overshadowed by Art Pope, the conservative moneyman who orchestrated the Republican legislative takeover with financial support from the Koch Brothers and other conservative national players. Pope has since taken a front-row seat McCrory’s administration as his budget director.

There are some who say that as much as Pope may be a symbol to national liberals of the Republican oppression being wreaked on the state with his support for measures like the elimination of public funding for judicial elections, he has actually been the closest thing to a brake that there is on a legislature eager to take on every target from climate change to electric cars.

The legislature, with McCrory’s blessings, has slashed unemployment benefits, rejected the federal Medicaid expansion, eliminated the Earned Income Tax Credit and rolled back early voting. Republicans have taken over in other states with the goal of making a difference in a hurry, but seldom with the fervor of North Carolina

That has led in turn to the emergence of a symbolic figure on the other side, Reverend Doctor William Barber, president of the state NAACP and the force behind the protests which have gone into their 8th week. By the time the next round of arrests have been made this afternoon, the total is likely to be more than 500 since the weekly demonstrations protesting the new actions by the legislature began April 29.

The ritual acts of civil disobedience at a state legislative office could be read as the ultimate expression of how much influence Democrats have lost in a state where they still held power such a short time ago. The Democratic establishment has effectively been replaced by an activist wing with only the power to bang on cans and get arrested.  On the other hand, there was evidence the growing demonstrations were beginning to needle their opponents when the conservative Civitas Institute,  which was founded by Pope, put up a database of those arrested, with information about their age, race, jobs, places of residence and arrest records, not to mention a “Pick the Protester” game.

McCrory has tarred the protesters as “outsiders,” and a Republican legislative leader called Barber a “carnival barker” leading a crowd of “mostly white, angry, aged former hippies.”

“In the South, for the NAACP to be leading a moral movement and you see crowds that are 40 percent white and 30 percent young? That’s what’s really concerning them, and why they’re calling us names,” Barber said in an interview.

Similar versions of this political drama have been played out across the South, including Georgia, but because the rightward swing was so swift and pronounced in North Carolina, the response also has been sharper. But with the full impact of refusing the Medicaid expansion set to come home across the region next year, they could also be a harbinger of things to come. Moral Mondays are evidence of how close to the surface tensions are. With the theatrical protests and the talk about “outsiders,” the story in North Carolina could be viewed in a retro, 60ish cast. But it could also be a preview of how politics may become when moderation is completely expunged from the process and both sides move into their respective corners.

This week, the first wave of protesters arrested in April had their day in court, hours before the next group was to be arrested. This appears to be settling into a long-term struggle, with implications beyond North Carolina. (Update: This week’s protest was the largest to date, with close to 120 people arrested, bringing the total over the eight weeks to more than 600.)

Tom Baxter

Tom Baxter has written about politics and the South for more than four decades. He was national editor and chief political correspondent at the Atlanta Journal-Constitution, and later edited The Southern Political Report, an online publication, for four years. Tom was the consultant for the 2008 election night coverage sponsored jointly by Current TV, Digg and Twitter, and a 2011 fellow at the Robert J. Dole Institute of Politics at the University of Kansas. He has written about the impact of Georgia’s and Alabama's immigration laws in reports for the Center for American Progress. Tom and his wife, Lili, have three adult children and seven grandchildren.



  1. ScottNAtlanta June 27, 2013 3:35 pm

    There is one phrase in this whole thing that is important that people understand…”with Koch money”.  They have specifically targeted NC and spent huge amounts to influence policy at the local level.  Pope is simply a Koch puppet.  Also, dont think for a moment that this group is representative of the people of NC.  I think 2014 will be very interesting in so far as how far people can be pushed before they are motivated to vote in mass.  Looks like these guys should be very afraid if these people stay motivated through election dayReport

  2. SpaceyG July 1, 2013 11:17 am

    Days in court print big. The media benefits to be reaped by all those ‘mostly white, angry, aged former hippies’ will be huge. And likely turn over a black, white and youthy demo too, given the pictures and YouTube videos, etc., out on streets and not in courtrooms I’ve already seen. As for being dumped into a Koch Brothers-funded database, not only is that a rite of passage now, it could have some delightful legal reprecussions, as violations of privacy likely abound. Lawyers, ones in NC too no doubt, love ’em some work with big data. In fact, that’s where the savvy youthy lawyers are finding their new clients. Roll up your sleeves, get “gamed” by the arch-conservative rightwing, and call for a troup of bright young lawyers. They come in a variety of flavors too. Whew.Report


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