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Buckhead cityhood effort doesn’t seem to cause hike in Atlanta’s borrowing costs

The Buckhead commercial district in 2019. (File/Photo by David Pendered.)

By David Pendered

Atlanta borrowed nearly $200 million last week with no apparent adverse effect from the Buckhead City movement.

Investors do not appear to have charged higher interest rates for Atlanta’s bonds, despite the potential deannexation of the Buckhead area and loss of its significant base of property taxes. The bonds sold within 24 hours and are to close Thursday.

Atlanta is scheduled to pay lower rates than another Sunbelt government with a top-tier credit rating, which sold bonds at the same time as Atlanta: Bexar County, Texas, home of San Antonio.

Atlanta’s interest rates may be the result of the city’s legislative effort to assure investors they will be repaid regardless of a Buckhead deannexation. The Atlanta City Council approved a paper on Dec. 15 that requires Buckhead to repay its share of the debt, in one lump sum, a year after deannexation.

Atlanta’s maneuver comports with language that could be viewed as guidance from Wall Street credit analysts. In a May 14, 2018 analysis of the proposed city of Eagle’s Landing, which involved a deannexation from the City of Stockbridge, Moody’s Investors Service noted a credit concern involving Stockbridge’s reduced property tax base and “no provisions to reapportion outstanding debt.” Atlanta provides such provisions in the paper approved by the City Council that demonstrates to investors the security for the loan if Buckhead deannexes.

Investors’ primary concern is repayment of a loan with earnings that were agreed upon, according to Roger Murray, a bond and underwriter’s counsel who’s represented the government and investor sides of deals for 32 years, according to his resume at Murray Barnes Finister. The investors’ interests are sometimes not fully represented in issues involving government boundaries, he said.

”To a certain extent, [investors] get lost in the discussion,” Murray said at the Sept. 16 meeting of the House Study Committee on Annexation and Cityhood. “They certainly got lost in Eagles Landing.”

Last week, Atlanta borrowed about $188 million by selling bonds, according to a tabulation of amounts issued. Atlanta is slated to pay interest rates ranging from a low of 0.509 percent, for bonds that mature Dec. 1, 2022, to a high of 2.388 percent, for bonds to be paid off in 2034, according to information provided by an affiliate of the Municipal Securities Rulemaking Board.

Bexar County borrowed about $411 million, according to a tabulation of the amounts issued. They are slated to pay interest rates ranging from 0.651 percent for bonds that mature June 15, 2023 to 2.621 percent for bonds that mature June 15, 2037, according to the affiliate’s report.

The interest rates cited for both governments are coupon rates. These are annual interest rates due from the borrower to the lender, as expressed by a percentage of the sum borrowed.

Rates for longer terms tend to be higher than rates for shorter-term borrowing, in part because investors charge more as compensation for committing cash for longer periods of time.

A side-by-side comparison of the bond issuances isn’t appropriate. No issuers and no deals are alike. However, the two governments share similarities.

Both are at the top-tier of credit ratings issued by Moody’s Investors Service. Bexar County is at the very top of the scale for its planned sale, while Atlanta is one step lower in the credit ratings for its package. In addition, both governments are the center of burgeoning metroplexes in the South. Both are competing for high-tech jobs.

Moody’s issued its rating action on Atlanta on Nov. 29.

At this time, analysts would have been aware of Atlanta’s plan to recover money from Buckhead if voters choose to deannex from the city.

The legislation had been introduced at the Nov. 15 meeting of the Atlanta City Council, according to the paper. Under the normal course of action cited in the paper, it was to be considered Dec. 1 by the council’s Finance/Executive Committee and, if passed, would have been on the City Council’s Dec. 6 agenda. The council voted Dec. 1 to defer the matter to Dec. 15 and voted that day to pass the paper.

Moody’s analysts noted, in elaborating on the stable outlook for Atlanta’s ability to repay the debt: “The stable outlook reflects the expectation that the city’s tax base and economy will continue to experience growth given increases in labor force and large-scale redevelopment projects”

Citing factors that could lead to a downgrade of the credit rating, analysts noted: “Future tax base declines or deterioration of socioeconomic factors.”

David Pendered

David Pendered, Managing Editor, is an Atlanta journalist with more than 30 years experience reporting on the region’s urban affairs, from Atlanta City Hall to the state Capitol. Since 2008, he has written for print and digital publications, and advised on media and governmental affairs. Previously, he spent more than 26 years with The Atlanta Journal-Constitution and won awards for his coverage of schools and urban development. David graduated from North Carolina State University and was a Western Knight Center Fellow.


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  1. evie December 21, 2021 9:22 am

    Taxes paid to the city of Atlanta did not generate a fair return for Buckhead. Research shows that mathematically, for the same bubble shooter amount of tax revenue, Buckhead city government will provide more and better services to residents, starting with a highly efficient and well-paid police force. worthy of a minimum of 250 officers.Report

    1. United ATL December 21, 2021 10:25 am

      Your comments are conjecture. It is impossible to say definitively how Buckhead City will be run. The feasibility study was done by a second tier university far removed from Atlanta, why not use GA State, GA Tech, UGA, or Emory? There are many unanswered questions about the public schools that Buckhead City Students will use, or how losing Buckhead’s tax base will effect APS. There are more unanswered questions than Mr White, who claims he is a volunteer, has answers for. MR White is most assuredly getting paid to run the Buckhead City push- he is NO volunteer.Report

      1. Concerned Citizen December 21, 2021 7:31 pm

        The universities you mentioned refused to conduct the study for political reasons. And Let’s stop pretending the United Atlanta crowd cares about APS or the children of Buckhead. These are the same people threatening to cut off the water supply to Buckhead families if cityhood passes. How sick.

        Employees of and people who do business with CoA and APS don’t want to lose their place at the trough. Nothing more, nothing less.Report

        1. Nick December 22, 2021 8:14 pm

          Whats your passport look like? Is the PERCEPTION of a MARGINAL improvement worth all this? get a lifeReport

  2. United Atlanta December 21, 2021 10:00 am

    I find mayor Bottoms remarks on Trump encouraging Bill White to lead the Buckhead City movement completely plausible. 1. Trump is vindictive and Mayor Bottoms has been critical of Trump. 2. Atlanta helped turn GA blue. 3. Bill White has a close, personal relationship with Donald Trump, even going so far as to speak at Georgia’s Stop the Steal protest. 3. Mayor Bottoms’ comments triggered MR White who protested her comments a little to hotly. He doth protest too much. 4. Trump has his hand in GA politics: Trump pushed David Perdue to primary Kemp.
    In short, it is completely plausible that Donald Trump, through his toady Bill White, is pushing Buckhead Cityhood.Report

  3. Nick December 22, 2021 8:17 pm

    There was no effect because markets are not efficient, if there has been the perception of no change, and there has been no change, then the bonds cwill trade at the market, once if the seccessiin happens the yields will go way upReport


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