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Fed reports no upward pressure on wages in coming year across Southeast

federal reserve districts

The Atlanta District of the Federal Reserve Bank covers Alabama, Florida and Georgia, and portions of Louisiana, Mississippi, and Tennessee. Credit: federalreserve.gov

By David Pendered

The latest report on jobs and wages in the Southeast continues to tell the story of a tight labor market, but one that’s not tight enough to drive up wages, according to the Federal Reserve’s economic report.

Two statements in Wednesday’s edition of the Beige Book stand out as an indication that wages are not headed up anytime soon:

  • “Broadly, businesses continued to use non-wage mechanisms to attract and retain workers.
  • “Business plans for future compensation, on balance, continued to be reported as modest for the coming year.”

State Labor Commissioner Mark Butler reported Thursday the state’s jobless rate had risen slightly in September, due to 500 jobs lost because of Hurricane Irma.

Still, Butler contended, the losses weren’t enough to dampen the overall job growth of 84,000 positions in the last 12 months. Butler’s statement did not address wages or benefits of the new jobs.

The Fed reported that employers continue to infer that they have extremely limited appetite for raising wages. The Beige Book is a compilation of anecdotes related to the Fed by trusted advisors in the private sector.

The current edition of the Beige Book relates an outlook of employers continuing to use unidentified carrots to entice folks to take a job. Here’s a snippet of two past reports:

  • In September, employers aid they were more inclined to fold one job into another when turnover occurred, or to replace the lost worker with technology, or to shift the wages into training for current workers.
  • In July, employers reported that wages pressures were stable despite a tight labor market. Rather than raising wages, employers sought to fill jobs by hiring retirees or asking schools and workforce development agencies to help fill jobs with young workers.

Here’s the take-away for the Southeast as outlined in the national summary of Wednesday’s edition of the Beige Book:

  • The Federal Reserve of Atlanta covers three states and parts of three others. Credit: federalreserve.gov

    “Economic conditions improved modestly since the last report;

  • “Tightness in the labor market continued with few reports of wage pressures;
  • “Input cost pressures were subdued;
  • “Non-auto retailers cited steady sales growth;
  • “Tourism, energy, and agriculture were impacted by Hurricane Irma;
  • “Home sales and prices increased;
  • “New orders and production rose;
  • “Credit was available to most borrowers.”

The Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta covers Georgia, Alabama, Florida, and portions of Louisiana, Mississippi, and Tennessee.

Other categories chronicled in the Beige Book show show that contacts are fairly optimistic, even if their tone is muted.

For instance, in the important commercial construction niche contacts reported mixed expectations. The boom in apartment and condo construction is has leveled off. Florida was an anomaly, mainly because contacts anticipate being busy rebuilding structures lost to hurricanes.

The energy sector sent reports of particular note as constrution continues on the troubled Plant Vogtle nuclear plant in Georgia: “contacts reported that utilities continued to experience a decline in residential and industrial sales and commercial sales remained flat.”

The number of vehicle sales continues to erode, compared to a year ago. That may change if buyers are compelled to replace vehicles lost to the hurricanes. Dealers also attributed a slow-down in auto lending to the slowing rate of sales and rising interest rates.



David Pendered

David Pendered, Managing Editor, is an Atlanta journalist with more than 30 years experience reporting on the region’s urban affairs, from Atlanta City Hall to the state Capitol. Since 2008, he has written for print and digital publications, and advised on media and governmental affairs. Previously, he spent more than 26 years with The Atlanta Journal-Constitution and won awards for his coverage of schools and urban development. David graduated from North Carolina State University and was a Western Knight Center Fellow.


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