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From SoGexit to Cal 3, states talk about parting ways

Silicon Valley venture capitalist Tim Draper is back. Only this time, he wants to break the state into three pieces, instead of six. (Cal3.com)

By Tom Baxter

Disunity, or at least a passing fascination with it, is in the air from Georgia to California.

Here in Georgia, plans for a SoGexit drew little support last month when a proposal to create a new state of South Georgia was put on the Republican primary ballot in Pierce County. The measure got only 27 percent support, or 703 votes.

But that’s the beauty of ballot measures. The proposal got some attention, and now there’s talk of putting the idea of creating a state from all the counties south of Macon on the ballot in other counties. Since these ballot questions have no effect anyway, the SoGexit idea could bounce around lazily, like a beach ball in a stadium, for some time.

It’s been convincingly pointed out that a state of South Georgia would be an economic basket case, but secessionist sentiments seldom are tied to fiscal reality. The South Georgia secession proposal is part of a dialog which has gone on over many years, as rural Georgia has lost political and financial clout to Metro Atlanta. In a less fractious time, people just talked about the two Georgias. In this era, when larger separations seem to be in motion, the talk has grown more strident.

“This is an effort to force them (state government, Atlanta) to pay attention to us,” Pierce County GOP chair Kay Godwin told the Blackshear Times. In a very narrow sense, the effort was a success.

At first glance, the Cal 3 proposal in California looks more substantial than the SoGexit. The proposal to split California into three states got more than twice the petition signatures required to get it on the ballot this November, and it’s being promoted by Silicon Valley entrepreneur Tim Draper, who sank $5 million into a 2014 effort to split the state six ways.

Legal questions could keep the measure off the ballot, however, and it faces a steep uphill climb if it makes it. An early poll shows support for the measure at only 17 percent.  Should it get on the ballot, leap forward in the polls and get passed, Cal 3 would still need congressional approval. In the unlikely event that ever came to that, it could produce one of the greatest spectacles of bad faith and buck-passing between the two parties ever witnessed. In the end, there would remain one California.

The Cal 3 plan would create a state of North California, consisting of the Bay Area and the remaining counties from Sacramento north, a greatly reduced state of California, consisting of the coastal counties around Los Angeles, and a state of South California, stretching from San Diego east and north over much of the current interior of the state.

The first two states would be rich and on the current political axis, blue. South California would be a lot more conservative than the other two states, but it would also be much less well off. If CNN’s estimates are correct, South California would rank 30th among the states in per capita Gross Domestic Product.

That’s very revealing. It means that a state which would include San Diego and Orange Counties would rank on the economic ladder either a notch behind or roughly tied with Georgia. South California wouldn’t be in as bad a position as South Georgia, but it would be a long way down the ladder from the other Californias.

State divorces have been considered from time to time throughout the nation’s history, but with the exception of Virginia and West Virginia at the beginning of the Civil War, they haven’t been finalized. Their promoters tend to think in political and economic terms, when other strategies for reformation might have more appeal.

I’m pretty sure there will never be a state of South Georgia, but if it were possible to create a state of Auburn, with guaranteed in-state tuition and a better highway to Panama City, several counties in Alabama, Georgia and Florida might very well be ready to buy in right away. A state of Clemson might do similarly well.

Tom Baxter

Tom Baxter has written about politics and the South for more than four decades. He was national editor and chief political correspondent at the Atlanta Journal-Constitution, and later edited The Southern Political Report, an online publication, for four years. Tom was the consultant for the 2008 election night coverage sponsored jointly by Current TV, Digg and Twitter, and a 2011 fellow at the Robert J. Dole Institute of Politics at the University of Kansas. He has written about the impact of Georgia’s and Alabama's immigration laws in reports for the Center for American Progress. Tom and his wife, Lili, have three adult children and seven grandchildren.


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  1. Chris Johnston June 28, 2018 7:40 pm

    158 years ago the United States of America attacked the Confederate States of America for leaving the Union as some state separatists now propose. I will be glad to see California leave, and perhaps some other states as well.Report

  2. Red Flame July 13, 2018 4:35 pm

    To learn more about the “BreaksIt” movement to break apart California into 3, visit the official “BreaksIt” website at BreaksItCA(dot)blogspot(dot)com.Report


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