As Georgians evacuate Hurricane Matthew, seafarers have few safe places to goThe SS El Faro departed Jacksonville, Fla. on Sept. 29, 2015 with a load of trailers and vehicles and was lost with all 33 hands during Hurricane Joaquin. The cargo is the similar to that handled at Georgia's port in Brunswick. Credit: pressherald.com
U.By David Pendered
It’s easy to forget the impact on seaports and merchant mariners when the most compelling storm images are of thousands of families fleeing their homes under a mandatory evacuation order as Hurricane Matthew bears down on the Georgia coast.
That’s the case today along the Georgia coastline. Gov. Nathan Deal issued today a mandatory evacuation order for areas east of I-95 in all six coastal counties – Bryan, Chatham, Liberty, McIntosh, Glynn and Camden counties. More than 500,000 full-time residents are affected, according to population estimates by the Census.
Meanwhile, many in the maritime shipping industry no doubt are recalling the sinking of the U.S.-flagged cargo ship El Faro during a storm on Oct. 1, 2015.
The El Faro was the same type of vessel that frequents the Brunswick port, one that rolls cargo on and off. The vessel sank with all 33 hands aboard, 28 U.S. sailors and five Polish sailors. No survivors were located.
The vessel pulled out of Jacksonville, Fla. on Sept. 29, 2015 and was headed to San Juan, Puerto Rico with a load of about 294 trailers and vehicles. Her captain was prepared to face a tropical storm and felt ship and crew were capable of making the trip. The vessel’s owner later said the captain had the final say in the decision to venture into a storm that later escalated into Hurricane Juaquin.
For some reason, the vessel began listing to her left side and eventually was lost. Her wreckage was eventually found in about 15,000 feet of water.
In preparation for Hurricane Matthew, the U.S Coast Guard has maintained a Hurricane Condition X-Ray warning for the ports of Savannah and Brunswick, a communications officer in Brunswick said Thursday morning. That could change as conditions warrant, he said.
The X-Ray status is safer than the Zulu Condition the Coast Guard has issued and used to close neighboring ports in Jacksonville and Cape Canaveral. The status is a notch the same as the X-Ray Condition issued for the port of Charleston, S.C.
For Georgia, this watch condition means that port facilities are open to all commercial traffic.
The Coast Guard reminds ship captains that commercial vessels and ocean-going barges greater than 500 gross tons should be making plans to leave port before conditions worsen.
Terminals in the port of Brunswick are already closed and are to remain so until at least Monday, Oct. 10, according to a statement from the Georgia Ports Authority. Conditions at Savannah are being monitored.
As the Coast Guard Captain of the Savannah port observed of both the Brunswick and Savannah ports:
- “Mariners are reminded there are no safe havens in these facilities, and ports are safest when the inventory of vessels is at a minimum.”
- “Vessels desiring to remain in port must immediately contact the COTP (Captain of the Port) to receive permission and are required to submit a safe mooring plan in writing. Vessels bound for the Ports of Savannah and Brunswick unable to depart 24 hours prior to threatening winds making landfall are advised to seek an alternate destination.”
The Coast Guard watch condition sets out specific regulations for tending to tankers that are in port. All cargo transfers must stop when wind speeds reach 40 mph. All transfer hoses and loading arms must be disconnected when wind speeds reach 50 mph.