By David Pendered

Residential solar power faces headwinds in Georgia and Alabama, and from the Biden administration as it argues in favor of Trump-era tariffs that have raised the price of certain solar equipment.

solar roof installation
Hundreds of jobs in Georgia’s solar installation industry are threatened by the current cap on a solar program approved by the Georgia Public Service Commission, solar advocates contend. File/Credit: Seth Finch/Environment Georgia
Hundreds of jobs in Georgia’s solar installation industry are threatened by the current cap on a solar program approved by the Georgia Public Service Commission, solar advocates contend. File/Credit: Seth Finch/Environment Georgia

In Georgia, the issue is a reduction in the amount of money a homeowner can receive for a new rooftop solar array, compared to the amount that’s been authorized over the past year and will continue at that rate for those homeowners. The result could be a loss of hundreds of jobs in the solar installation sector, advocates contend.

The deal involves a pilot program created by the state’s utility regulator that has proven so successful it has enrolled the maximum number of customers allowed, 5,000 customers. Solar advocates say in a letter they never expected the 5,000 ceiling would be reached so quickly.

Georgia Power has posted on its website a red-letter warning that the pilot program is full:

  • “At this time, Georgia Power has reached 5,000 combined applications counting towards the RNR-Monthly Netting limit. This includes applications associated with projects that are now online, pending completion, and in progress.”
The number of residential solar arrays eligible for beneficial terms from Georgia Power has been reached. Credit:

Advocates of solar power contend the 5,000 limit should be waived while new terms can be arranged as part of a Georgia Power rate case now pending before the Georgia Public Service Commission.

A major thrust of the advocates is the jobs created by the expanding industry to install rooftop solar in Georgia. Their letter calls for the extension and then observes:

  • “Without an extension, jobs will be lost and much of the investment that has resulted from the pilot will be undone before the Commission even has a chance to evaluate it.”

The seven signers include Montana Busch, Alternative Energy Southeast; Jennette Gayer, GA Solar; Will Giese, Solar Energy Institutes Assoc., and Don Moreland, Solar CrowdSource.

In Alabama, the issue involves a monthly fee charged by Alabama Power to any customer who has a solar array. The rate was approved by the Alabama Public Service Commission and now is the subject of a federal lawsuit filed in U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Alabama, Northern Division

Georgia Powerk states that it provides weekly updates of its RNR-Monthly Netting limit program. Credit:

The fee would be $25 a month for a customer who’d installed a typical 5 kW generator. That’s $300 a year, which amounts to $9,000 over the expected lifespan of a rooftop solar array, according to a federal lawsuit filed against the Alabama PSC by the Southern Environmental Law Center and Ragsdale LLC, a Birmingham law firm.

The deal took effect in 2013, after the Alabama PSC granted Alabama Power’s request to charge a fee to customers who have “Supplementary, Back-Up and Maintenance Power,” according to the lawsuit. The Alabama PSC approved the new fee three weeks after Alabama Power submitted the request, and without holding a public hearing or receiving testimony, according to the lawsuit.

In the six years after the rate was implemented, to 2019, 132 customers have installed solar arrays and the number would be higher without the monthly fee, according to the lawsuit.

At the federal level, the Biden administration has taken at least two steps that increase the cost of materials in solar arrays.

The ban on imports announced June 24 will have some effect on prices, though some U.S. companies report they have already shifted away from some Chinese suppliers thought to use forced labor. Biden’s statement noted that the ban was part of his commitment to “bold climate action, the domestic solar industry, and the jobs this vital industry creates.”

U.S. Attorney General Merrick Garland

In March, Biden’s Justice Department filed a motion that supports Trump’s contention that a president has authority to make a “modification” to terms specified in a proclamation that imposed four-year tariffs and raised the duties assessed to certain components of solar arrays – crystalline silicon photo- voltaic (CSPV) cells.

Biden’s Justice Department asked the Court of International Trade to dismiss a challenge filed by SEIA of Trump’s modification, in October 2020, of his initial proclamation regarding solar components sourced from China. The action contends that the proclamation violated a number of procedural requirements, according an explanation of the situation posted by two lawyers with Husch Blackwell LLP on the legal affairs website

The tariff expires in February 2022.

The entity that challenged Trump’s use of power, the SEIA, is the same one that signed the letter asking Georgia’s PSC to waive the cap of 5,000 customers.

David Pendered, Managing Editor, is an Atlanta journalist with more than 30 years experience reporting on the region’s urban affairs, from Atlanta City Hall to the state Capitol. Since 2008, he has written...

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  1. The government has no right to penalize residents by charging fees for saving their money by suppling their own electricity. Pure socialism on the power companies by the government!

  2. Good morning David – rooftop solar in GA seems to have hit even more snags than listed in your article. 5000 households’ solar systems being ‘on’ using the Net Metering could cost Georgia Power more than $650,000 per month. Thus, ANY delay in turning systems ‘on’ equals more revenue for them! Early last Summer, reps from multiple companies came to sell their systems using the Net Metering. My system installation was completed July 3rd, 2021. Today is Oct. 20th AND the system is NOT on!! I’ve been told by one of the owners of the installation company that Georgia Power holds the keys & keep changing requirements. Was also told that a number of other people’s systems have Not been turned ‘on’ (to produce power) by Georgia Power, some waiting 6 weeks longer than I have! To me, this is a STALL tactic by Georgia Power: they made their agreement with the legislature to allow rate increases & the longer they wait to turn systems ‘on’, the more money they keep! They’ve met the letter of the agreement, without meeting the spirit of said agreement. We’re through the hottest months with the most direct sunlight, the time when solar generates the most power – AND the time when Georgia Power’s revenues would be less if our solar systems were ‘on’.

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