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‘The Birth of a Nation’ a chilling view of rebellion against slavery

Birth of a Nation In Nate Parker's version of 'Birth of a Nation,' slave Nat Turner's allegiance shifts from a loving God, to a wrathful one, to leading an uprising that had tremendous consequences. Credit: globalblackhistory.com

By Eleanor Ringel Cater

Arriving amid a swirl of controversy, rumors and standing ovations at the Sundance Film Festival, “The Birth of a Nation” is a powerhouse of a picture.

Writer/director/star Nate Parker has taken a little-known moment in American history and slammed it home with extraordinary force. In 1831, a Virginia slave named Nat Turner led a bloody revolt against the white plantation owners and their families (Yes, he murdered women and children). The rebellion was brief – only 48 hours – but around 60 people were killed. The uprising was subsequently used to justify harsher laws against African-Americans.

Birth of a Nation

In Nate Parker’s version of ‘Birth of a Nation,’ slave Nat Turner’s allegiance shifts from a loving God to a wrathful one, culminating in his leadership of an uprising that had tremendous consequences. Credit: globalblackhistory.com

The movie begins with Turner as a child – an extraordinary child who’s marked for greatness, according to a soothsayer. The prophecy seems true; noting that Nat can read, his white mistress (Penelope Ann Miller) brings the little boy into the “Big House” and encourages him. Well, selectively encourages him. She lets him study the Bible until he knows it chapter and verse. However, the other books in the library are, she gently says, “full of things your kind wouldn’t understand.”

Alas, her husband decides Nat is more use to the family picking cotton. Which he does until one of his master’s friends notes how well-behaved Turner’s slaves are. The now-adult Turner (Parker, who looks a bit like Jamie Foxx) is recruited to use his Bible knowledge and personal charisma to preach to slaves on nearby plantations and thereby be a calming influence.

The idea is – well, remember what Marx said about religion being the opiate of the masses?

Naturally, any wages Nat earns go to his new young master, Samuel Turner (Armie Hammer), who was once his childhood friend. But after witnessing incredible cruelty – rebellious slaves being force-fed, other slaves being starved – Turner starts to question, well, the whole damn thing. His allegiance shifts from a loving God to a wrathful one. (The transformation has echoes of the great 1972 Peter O’Toole cult classic, “The Ruling Class.”)

birth of a nation, 2

Jackie Earle Haley portrays Raymond Cobb in a chilling account in ‘Birth of a Nation.’ Credit: sinuousmag.com

In truth, there’s not much known about the real Turner. But that’s part of Parker’s genius.  Not so much the invented backstory, but the filmmaker’s deeply disturbing evocation of everyday slave culture.

A young African-American woman is sent up to the master’s house to be used as a human party favor by the male guests after they’ve finished dinner. Another young woman is given to Turner’s daughter as a wedding present – as if she were a puppy or a new car. Early in the killing spree, Turner enters an overseer’s bedroom and we clearly see the man has been sharing his bed with a little girl (A slave, of course.)

Parker shows us how being black in that place at that time means you are always at risk (the present-day resonances are intended). He unsettles us and makes us scared for Nat, for his wife Cherry (Aja Naomi King), for anyone and everyone who isn’t white.

The entire cast is superb. So are Parker’s images, especially an eerie mass hanging that’s part of the slave owners’ payback for Turner’s rebellion.

Now, about the controversy….

Birth of a Nation, Elizabeth Eckford

A few characters in ‘Birth of a Nation’ remind of the haunting look on the faces of some real life protesters who turned out to oppose the enrollment of Elizabeth Eckford, shown here in 1957 as one of the Little Rock Nine who integrated Little Rock (Ark.) Central High School. Credit: indalandoftrees.blogspot.com

Part One: Parker has impudently appropriated the title of D.W. Griffith’s famed 1915 film. Treasured as an artistic breakthrough, the work is also one of the most racist movies ever made.

Part 2: More troubling are the allegations that have surfaced about Parker himself. In 1999, while a student at Penn State, he was tried for rape. He was acquitted, but his accuser later committed suicide.

It’s always a difficult thing — separating the artist from the art. However, there are so many things in “The Birth of a Nation” that demand our attention that, in an odd way, Parker’s film is almost a mirror image of the original. Yeah, Griffith was criminally messed up on the subject of race, but his movie was amazing.

And here’s a final thought: When Turner is hanged, his execution is treated as a spectacle, with dozens of whites in a flag-draped grandstand, screaming their bigotry and blood lust. There is a look on one or two of the female faces that chills you to the bone. Because they look just like that white girl in a celebrated Civil Rights photo – her hate-filled face frozen in time – who protested Elizabeth Eckford walking into an Arkansas high school in 1957.

Sometimes a nation needs to be reborn.


Eleanor Ringel

Eleanor Ringel, Movie Critic, was the film critic for the Atlanta Journal-Constitution for almost 30 years. She was nominated multiple times for a Pulitzer Prize. She won the Best of Cox Critic, IMAGE Film & Video and Women In Film awards. An Atlanta native, she graduated from Westminster and Brown University. She was the critic on WXIA’s Noonday, a member of Entertainment Weekly's Critics Grid and wrote TV Guide’s movie/DVD. She is member of the National Society of Film Critics and currently talks about movies on WMLB and writes the Time Out column for the Atlanta Business Chronicle.


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  1. A Concerned Atlantan October 4, 2016 11:11 am

    This is a poorly written article, especially for Saporta. It gives absolutely no context to the slave rebellion, and to start out you’re referencing that Nat Turner murdered women and children; millions of Africans (women and children) were murdered during the slave trade, on the plantation, and women and children were raped by their masters. 

    In your “controversy” section, it’s not clear that you’re referencing the 1915 film as the most racist film, or the 2016 film. Why is it controversial for the hanging of Nat Turner to be a ‘spectacle.’ It was an event for plantation owners to hang, beat, and burn slaves or Black men. It’s something that southern whites enjoyed watching (http://www.alternet.org/news-amp-politics/black-men-were-burned-alive-bible-belt). 

    Please read a history book, Eleanor Ringel.Report

  2. Burroughston Broch October 8, 2016 3:05 am

    Liberal reviewers do not deign to be restrained by trifles such as historical accuracy.Report

  3. Burroughston Broch October 9, 2016 2:54 pm

    Box office results tor the first weekend were much lower than expected.Report

  4. FlashHeart59 October 12, 2016 10:23 am

    “He was acquitted, but his accuser later committed suicide.”
    What an odd sentence.Report

  5. Burroughston Broch October 17, 2016 8:03 pm

    Tanked another 61% on its second weekend.Report


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