Emory University says House tax plan could harm research, student learning
By David Pendered
Emory University is ramping up its efforts to inform Georgia’s congressional members of the harm it says the current version of the House tax plan could cause to colleges and universities, which includes undermining funding for research, academic programs and student finances.
According to a statement released Tuesday, Emory has informed the Georgia delegation about concerns including proposed changes to endowments, charitable contributions, educational assistance, and tax-exempt bond financing tools.
“Emory will continue to express our belief that tax reform should not come at the expense of students pursuing the goal of higher education,” Cameron Taylor, Emory’s vice president of governmental affairs, said in statement.
Taylor has represented Emory on Capitol Hiil since 2003 and, in 2015, was named Emory’s chief governmental affairs officer for the university and healthcare system.
On Monday, Emory President Claire Sterk talked with Sen. Johnny Isakson (R-Ga.) on a phone call to discuss concerns about the House proposal. Isakson serves on the Senate Committee on Finance, which is to craft the Senate’s version of the budget proposal, according to Emory’s statement.
An analysis of the House plan released Monday by the Associated Press touched on some proposals that would affect colleges. The plan would end tax deductions for college loans. The AP story observed that doctoral students who teach and conduct research would now be taxed on their waived tuition bill. Some students likely would drop out, AP noted, of programs whose graduates are in high demand – science, technology, engineering and math.
Charitable giving, the kind that supports many programs at Emory, is a highlight of the House tax plan. The proposal is forecast to reduce charitable giving by $13 billion a year because taxpayers will be inclined to take a standard deduction rather than complete a form on which they can deduct charitable contributions, according to a Nov. 4 report by npr.org.
Sterk raised her concerns before lawmakers in a letter dated Oct. 31, according to Emory’s statement. By that point in time, enough information about the proposal was in the public realm for Sterk to suggest the plan would, “have a deleterious effect on Emory’s students, employees and patients,” Sterk wrote.
Emory escalated its lobbying on Nov. 2, after the plan was released. Emory is working with other Georgia institutions of higher learned, which went unnamed, along with higher education associations in an effort to inform lawmakers of the impact the proposals would have on research and classroom teaching.
The website for the University System of Georgia does not appear to provide insights as to the state’s institution’s possible position on the House plan.
This is the full text of Sterk’s letter to the delegation, as posted on Emory’s website:
“As president of Emory University, I write to share with you the impact of potential tax reform measures on our institution, which employs over 35,000 Georgians and is the second largest employer in Metro Atlanta. A number of the potential reforms, and in particular the proposals outlined below, would have a deleterious effect on Emory’s students, employees, and patients.
“One vital tool in Emory’s financial toolkit is our endowment. Over 1,900 donor-designated funding pools compose our endowment, and due to both contractual limitations and restrictions imposed under state law, Emory may use those funds only for the donor’s intended purpose. As a large academic health center, Emory’s endowment includes funds for both the educational and healthcare enterprises, including funds not only for student financial aid, but also for patient care, clinical research, faculty chairs, and undergraduate programs, among others. While some of the endowment funds are “unrestricted,” in the sense that they were given without a specific donor intention, the vast majority of endowment pools are “restricted,” in that Emory is constrained in expending those funds to fulfill the donor’s intention.
Our endowment, like that of other non-profits, helps Emory remain committed to its mission to create, preserve, teach, and apply knowledge in the service of humanity. Any effort to impede in the management of such an instrument, such as an excise tax or mandatory payout, will severely undercut our ability to fulfill donor wishes and ensure the endowment ‘s longevity and integrity.
“Core to the success of advancing Emory’s mission is our ability to raise money through charitable donations. These donations come from various donors for a myriad of reasons. Some donors may give simply because they are alumni; some may give toward a specific initiative, such as providing financial aid for talented undergraduates or for treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder at the Emory Healthcare Veterans Program. Reasons motivating donors are varied, though donors give to create positive change. Charitable donations are critical to how Emory and other non-profits not only conduct business and raise money, but also advance societal goals.
“Altering the treatment of charitable donations could have a chilling effect on giving to all nonprofits, including research institutions like Emory. A proposal to limit deductions to charitable contributions made in excess of two percent of a donor’s adjusted gross income, may not pose a barrier to principal gifts donors, but it could have a deleterious effect on a donor pipeline.
“Likewise, an increase in the standard deduction, without some mechanism such as a universal charitable deduction, would affect the vast majority of taxpayers who would then have no incentive to make charitable contributions. Major giving begins with small annual gifts, and younger donors who no longer itemize because of an increase in the standard deduction would no longer have a tax incentive to donate money to charitable organizations.
“These financing mechanisms are core to the fabric of Emory University’ s business, but are, by no means, the only ways in which many of the proposed tax reform measures could negatively impact Emory and other institutions of higher education in Georgia. Our ability to retain faculty and staff is strengthened by the benefits we can provide, including Section 127 employer-provided educational assistance, which allows Emory to provide up to a set amount in tax-free tuition assistance at the graduate or undergraduate level for its employees, and Section 117(d) qualified tuition reductions, which allows Emory to provide tax-free undergraduate-level tuition waivers to its employees and their dependents. These provisions are particularly important in recruiting and retaining faculty and staff, and they offer employees a unique path to continuing education for themselves and their dependents.
“Changes affecting charitable giving and endowments, as well as those affecting educational assistance, will significantly impact the limited means of revenue used to support our students, patients, and staff. Thank you for taking these issues into consideration during the upcoming tax reform conversation. Please do not hesitate to call on me if Emory can ever be of assistance to you.”