A growing chorus: Atlanta must be proactive to preserve its unique tree canopyAtlanta is literally a city in a forest, but that could change if we don't protect our tree canopy. This is a screen shot from a video posted by the Save Ormewood Forest effort (Source: Save Ormewood Forest)
By Maria Saporta
This is the third column in a series about Atlanta’s trees
A groundswell of community leaders are doing all they can to make sure Joni Mitchell’s song “Big Yellow Taxi” doesn’t become Atlanta’s reality.
The song’s chorus feels all too familiar:
Don’t it always seem to go
That you don’t know what you’ve got
Till it’s gone
They paved paradise
And put up a parking lot
Atlanta is uniquely positioned as a city in a forest, and there is a movement afoot to make sure it stays that way.
“It’s clear to me there is more concern today about tree loss than I’ve seen in 20 years,” said Greg Levine, Trees Atlanta’s co-executive director and chief program officer. “It could be a paradigm shift.”
Kathryn Kolb, an expert on Atlanta’s old growth forests and director of Eco-Addendum, said this could be our city’s defining moment.
“The opportunity is here to turn the tide on how we develop our city,” Kolb said. “If we turn the tide, Atlanta will be an international model on how to have dense development and retain the natural landscape and our green amenities.
“If we don’t, Atlanta will not be a pleasant place to live.”
Levine and Kolb and their organizations are doing all they can to make sure Atlantans realize that our trees make an Atlanta an amazingly unique and special city.
About 48 percent of Atlanta’s land is covered with trees. At least that’s what satellite images showed in 2007. Because of all the development that has been underway in Atlanta since 2007 – especially in the last three to four years, Levine is concerned that our city’s tree canopy has shrunk.
“Our goal at Trees Atlanta is to keep our tree canopy at 48 percent,” Levine said. “There is power with people. There are solutions to growing our city without losing our tree canopy. We need to have a plan and be strategic in how we implement that plan.”
And that’s exactly what’s happening.
On June 19, the Atlanta City Council unanimously approved an ordinance by Councilmember Natalyn Archibong to impose a 180-day moratorium on the acceptance of any application to remove more than 10 trees on residentially-zoned land of five acres or larger.
During the moratorium period, the city will examine the impact development is having on the city’s tree canopy, and it will provide the city an opportunity to develop strategies for increasing and preserving the city’s tree canopy, according to a release from the Atlanta City Council.
Meanwhile, there’s also a grassroots effort to save the Ormewood Forest in East Atlanta. According to Change.org petition, Ormewood Forest represents over 6 acres of land, upon which century-old trees provide habitat for abundant wildlife and essential protection for a first-order headwater stream.
The petition says Heritage Capitol Partners and Heritage Homes are seeking to develop Ormewood Forest into high density, multi-family residential development – a plan that would lead to a significant loss in tree cover.
The petition stated that the surrounding community would like to preserve the land, its trees and the stream to preserve Atlanta’s shrinking tree canopy and to protect the watershed. The property also serves as a significant wildlife habitat, and it provides “esthetic values that enrich the quality of life for our community.”
Ideally, the community would love for the land to end up in public hands so the forest could be protected forever.
From experience, Levine said that “when you start fighting about one particular piece of property, it’s probably too late.”
The goal would be to move from being reactive to development to being proactive – preserving our trees and old growth forests from the outset.
The City of Atlanta’s Department of City Planning – through the Atlanta Design Studio – is looking to concentrate development along major commercial corridors while creating conservation areas that would protect the city’s tree cover in neighborhoods and undeveloped land.
The city has contracted with Biohabitats to develop an Urban Ecology Framework for Atlanta – and then the hope will be to translate the big picture into new legislation and development requirements.
“If we are going to retain a 48 percent tree canopy, we really need to fix the tree ordinance and the zoning ordinance,” said Levine, who added that part of the challenge will be to coordinate the different regulations, including the preservation of our built environment. “Historic preservation is great for trees.”
Kolb also said the tree and zoning ordinance need to be in sync with the Department of Watershed, which can lead developers to cut down trees in an effort to create storm water retention ponds. Such moves are totally counter-intuitive because trees help reduce the need for manmade retention ponds.
When it comes to preserving our tree canopy, Kolb boiled it down to two changes.
“We simply have to require that more of our existing trees and urban forests are saved,” she said. “And we have to put planning for existing trees and urban forests at the beginning of the planning process.” She also said the zoning ordinance and the tree ordinance “need to be revised so they are all agreeing with each other.”
Currently, the tree ordinance charges developers when they cut down trees, but the cost is not significant enough to change behavior – to get developers to design their projects around signature trees – using them as an attractive feature of their developments.
Levine also said Atlanta needs to increase its tree canopy in its commercial corridors.
“Our downtown only has 3 percent tree coverage,” he said. “We are going to have to figure out how to add trees, and we enough room for to grow back, especially shade trees.”
Both Levine and Kolb said educating Atlantans about the value of trees to our environment will help enact constructive change.
“Atlanta is unique because we have a viable forest,” Kolb said. “Our challenge is to make sure we don’t destroy what we have. Many people don’t realize what we have. We have a viable native forest in our city. No other major city in the country has that.”
Note to readers:
The previous two columns in this series were:
Also, a coalition of Atlanta’s environmental, trees, parks and green space organizations will be holding an Atlanta mayoral forum on Thursday night. The event had to be moved from the Carter Center to Georgia State University because of the number of people who have registered was so great. The forum is free and open to the public.