Housing starts to tumble as state’s economy slows, GSU’s top economist predicts
By David Pendered
A drop-off in housing starts in metro Atlanta will be one likely consequence of a state economy forecast to slow through 2021, according to a new report by Georgia State University’s top economist. A short supply of housing has already helped drive up sales and rental prices and fueled the lack of affordable housing, according to the Atlanta Regional Commission.
Housing starts were cited just once in Report for Georgia and Atlanta, released Wednesday by Rajeev Dhawan, of GSU’s Economic Forecasting Center at Robinson College of Business.
The few words represent a chilling prospect for those who look to the sector to build more houses. A rising inventory would help alleviate a housing shortage that has helped drive up housing prices and rental rates, according to entities including the ARC. The one statement about housing in the forecast observes of Atlanta, meaning metro Atlanta:
- “Atlanta housing permitting activity will fall 16.4 percent in 2019, decline 6.9 percent in 2020 and fall another 5.5 percent in 2021.”
The forecast comes as housing starts have yet to recover from levels leading up the Great Recession. As the ARC observed in a June 2017 report, Regional Snapshot: Affordable Housing, housing starts had fallen to a rate half that recorded before the recession:
- “While home prices are increasing back to pre-recessionary levels, housing inventory in metro Atlanta is constrained – partially due to a lag in residential construction. As seen in the chart above, prior to the recession, it was not uncommon for residential building permits to exceed 5,000 per month (in some cases, reaching over 7,000).
- “After May 2007, the region experienced a steep decline in residential building permits, which persisted into early 2012, when the region began seeing modest increases.
- “Though residential permits have trended upward since 2012, they have yet to reach pre-recessional levels, hovering instead between 2,000 and 3,000 permits per month.”
Dhawan’s report observes that job creation has deviated wildly in Georgia this year – by almost 20,000 jobs from the first to second quarter. Job creation is a bellwether of the overall economy.
As worrying as the big shifts is the deterioration in the quality of jobs, compared to past cycles, according to Dhawan’s report.
First, the job gains by quarter:
- Fourth quarter 2018 – 39,100;
- First quarter 2019 – 23,200;
- Second quarter 2019 – 300;
- Third quarter 2019 – 29,100.
Regarding the swings in job creation, Dhawan described them as both an anomaly and the consequence of short-term jobs that ended when they had run their course:
- “Monthly job creation numbers always fluctuate, just like monthly rainfall totals, and rarely is there a month that hits the so-called average mark.
- “However, it’s unusual to see three negative growth months out of nine, without a special reason.”
Of the jobs created at the end of 2018, 53 percent were in categories that Dhawan observed are a proxy for temporary jobs – retail trade, hospitality and administrative services.
Fast-forward to March and April, and two-thirds of the jobs lost were in these three categories – meaning their purpose was achieved and employers reduced their workforce. This helps explain the fluctuations in the first and second quarters, according to the report.
Second, the deterioration in both the number of jobs and their quality when comparing 2014 to 2018:
- 2014, 128,000 jobs were created and 40 percent were in the higher-paying catalyst sectors of corporate, technology and manufacturing;
- 2018, a third fewer jobs were created and a tiny fraction were in the higher-paying sectors. Of 89,000 jobs created, 12 percent were in the higher-catalyst sectors.
Woes in the global scenario mean the local jobs picture isn’t likely to improve in the coming year and a half, to two years, he predicted.
“Chalk it up to the ongoing global slowdown in Europe and Latin America, coupled with our trade spat with China and a weakening domestic investment climate,” he said in the statement. “Global and domestic headwinds are buffeting Georgia’s catalyst sectors, making for an overall lower future growth path.”
Dhawan’s report on the region and state includes a section of highlights that observes:
- “Georgia employment will add 72,200 jobs (13,200 premium jobs) in 2019, gain 49,700 jobs (8,900 premium) in 2020 and increase by 45,900 (8,900 premium) in 2021;
Nominal personal income will grow 5 percent in 2019, 4.9 percent in 2020 and 4.7 percent in 2021;
- “Atlanta will add 51,200 jobs (10,000 premium positions) in 2019, moderate to 38,100 jobs (7,800 premium) in 2020 and 34,300 jobs (7,300 premium) in 2021.”