Atlanta region maintains its spot as a Fortune 500 HQ city
By Maria Saporta
Metro Atlanta maintained its position as a hub for Fortune 500 headquarters with 16 companies, according to the latest 2021 ranking from Fortune Magazine.
HD Supply, which has been reacquired by the Home Depot, dropped off the list. But Global Payments, which merged with Columbus-based TSYS in 2019, made the list.
Two Fortune 500 companies based in Georgia are located outside of metro Atlanta: Columbus-based AFLAC and Calhoun-based Mohawk Industries – giving the state a total of 18 Fortune 500 companies.
The latest rankings make metro Atlanta one of the top 10 cities in the country with Fortune 500 headquarters, but the magazine does not provide a list of companies by MSAs (Metropolitan Statistical Area).
City Data compared MSAs based on the 2019 list of Fortune 500 companies, and Atlanta’s MSA had 16 companies.It was tied with Minneapolis-St. Paul and Washington, D.C. (which also had 16 headquarters).
Next year, Atlanta and Georgia will add a Fortune 500 company – Norfolk Southern, which is currently based in Virginia and is building its new corporate headquarters in Midtown.
The 2021 list, however, did show mostly upward movement among Atlanta’s top Fortune 500 companies – largely because of the COVID-19 pandemic.
For example, Home Depot jumped from 26 in the 2020 list to 18 in the 2021 list. It continues to be Georgia’s No. 1 company in terms of revenue – more than $132 billion in 2020. It benefitted by the fact that so many people were quarantined in their homes during the pandemic and were motivated to improve their surroundings.
Another big winner was UPS, which is the second largest company in the state with 2020 revenues of more than $84.6 billion. Its national rank went from 43 in 2020 to 35 in 2021.
Not surprisingly, the rank of Delta Air Lines took a big hit – due to the lack of travel in 2020. It went from being the third largest public company in the state to seventh; and its spot on the Fortune 500 list went from 68 in 2020 to 178 in 2021.
So why is this important?
A company’s center of gravity emanates from where its top executives are based. More often than not, company executives will get more involved in the communities where they are based.
That certainly has been true historically in Atlanta, even though the influence of corporate leaders has diminished slightly. That’s because most of the region’s top executives have been imported from outside the state so they don’t have deep roots in the community, and most are necessarily focused on running their national or global companies rather than being able to focus on local issues.
Still, metro Atlanta’s future depends greatly on there being an engaged corporate sector, and the presence of Fortune 500 companies contributes to the region’s economic and social foundation.
So, when a company announces it is moving its corporate headquarters to Atlanta from another state, it’s a moment for celebration. Among the companies that have located their headquarters here in recent years are: Norfolk Southern, which ranked 307 in the 2021 list but is still identified by Fortune as a Virginia company; WestRock; NCR; Newell Brands; the PulteGroup; Intercontinental Exchange; and Veritiv.
It also is important to note that Aflac is an important corporate citizen in Columbus. Its Fortune 500 rank went from 146 in 2020 to 131 in 2021; and Calhoun-based Mohawk, which was ranked No. 321 both in 2020 and 2021.
Because of Norfolk Southern will be listed as an Atlanta-based company in the 2022 rankings, Atlanta and Georgia could have a net gain in Fortune 500 companies next year – provided we don’t lose one of our existing corporate headquarters. The city took a Fortune 500 hit when SunTrust merged with BB&T in 2019 to become Truist, and the bank decided to base its headquarters in Charlotte, N.C.
Companies do come and go, and their ranks rise and fall depending on economic and social trends – as well as the unforeseen COVID-19 pandemic.
But at least Atlanta and Georgia are holding their own when it comes to Fortune 500 headquarters.