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Enough already: GRTA, SRTA, MARTA, GDOT, ARC…and now….the ATL

First column in a series.

By Maria Saporta

Nearly 20 years ago, key business and government leaders heralded the creation of a new transportation authority that would tackle metro Atlanta’s traffic problems by expanding transit.

And so the Georgia Regional Transportation Authority – GRTA – was born.

At the time, there was one naysayer – the late Harry West, the longtime executive director of the Atlanta Regional Commission.

MARTA Downtown. Credit: Kelly Jordan

A MARTA bus in downtown Atlanta (Photo by Kelly Jordan)

“Why create yet another agency?” West asked. “Why don’t we just fix the ones we have.”

That question is even more relevant today with the inevitable creation of yet another transportation agency – the ATL (Atlanta Transit Link) – which passed the General Assembly on the last day of the 2018 session.

It will join the already crowded transportation space of GRTA, the State Road and Tollway Authority (SRTA), the Atlanta Regional Commission, MARTA, the Georgia Department of Transportation as well as Cobb County Transit and Gwinnett County Transit.

Almost everyone – from those in the transportation arena, the state’s political leadership and the business community – has applauded the passage of the ATL as a pathway to expand and improve our region’s transit network.

But to me it feels as though we just are rearranging the deck chairs on the Titanic.

We are creating yet one more bureaucracy that will carry its own administrative costs while not developing the necessary funding stream to build the comprehensive regional transit system we need.

And the ATL will only confuse the decision-making power of every entity that already exists. With more than half a dozen agencies trying to figure out the region’s transit plans and operations, we are destined to end up with power struggles galore with little likelihood of real progress to build out transit in metro Atlanta.


MARTA train travels on the East-West line near the State Capitol (Special: MARTA)

During the session, there was talk of the ATL becoming part of a reconfigured GRTA, which would have made much more sense.

But, according to people close to the situation, that didn’t happen because Lt. Gov. Casey Cagle (who is running for governor) and Gov. Nathan Deal did not want to give up any of their power under a new governance structure.

All of GRTA’s board members are appointed by the governor, a power that helped give former Gov. Roy Barnes the reputation of King Roy. Barnes had great plans for GRTA in his second term as governor, but that all came to naught when he lost re-election. His successor, Gov. Sonny Perdue, did not have similar ambitions for GRTA, and the agency has yet to become much more than a glorified regional bus service.

To his credit, Gov. Deal has sought to consolidate some of the transit agencies (GRTA and SRTA now share the same executive director – Chris Tomlinson – and that combination actually could be a mechanism for new transit investment through its toll revenues.

The state also has boasted about a new-found cooperation between all these metro agencies and the Georgia Department of Transportation. Cooperation is great, but GDOT could do so much more. In many states, transportation departments are multi-dimensional and include transit and alternative transportation modes in addition to roads and bridges.

Of course, if we really want to expand transit in this region, we would make structural changes – such as pass a Constitutional Amendment that would allow the state gas tax to go to allmodes of transportation. But I’m dreaming again.


MARTA train at sunset in front of Atlanta’s skyline (Special: MARTA)

Back to reality, promoters of the new ATL have said it will create a pathway to transit for Gwinnett and Cobb (if people can figure out how the convoluted governance structure of district representation will work) as well as other jurisdictions in its 13-county service area.

But they also add that they don’t expect mass transit to be approved in any of the outlying counties beyond the five-county region (Fulton, DeKalb, Clayton, Gwinnett and Cobb) any time soon.

When MARTA was first proposed, it was envisioned to be the regional transit agency  for those five counties. Clayton, which joined MARTA as a full partner in 2014 by passing a penny sales tax, is a wonderful example of how MARTA can still fulfill that vision

In fact, some people are predicting that Gwinnett might push a referendum for this November so it could just work directly with MARTA rather than with the new ATL.

It does seem as though Gwinnett is be the next county to get serious about expanding its transit system – a welcome development.

But again, did we really need another transit agency to make that happen.

When I asked Chris Riley, Gov. Deal’s chief of staff, about whether we needed yet another transportation agency, he answered: “Some could look at it that way.”


MARTA weaves its way through the region (Special: MARTA)

Then Riley quickly added: “We were involved in the negotiations all the way to the end of the bill. We will start reviewing bills next week.”

A strong indication of Gov. Deal’s support for the ATL approach is that he announced that his 2019 budget sets aside $100 million bond money for transit. That is in addition to $75 million that he set aside last year (before the ATL was in the works).

“In keeping up with the demands of a 21st-century economy and workforce, and in agreement with House and Senate leadership, we are allocating $100 million in bonds for transit funding,” Gov. Deal said at the time. “This investment will go a long way in reforming and addressing our transit system needs. Pending passage of a transportation bill I can sign, this funding will go into effect.”

I wish I could be part of the booster crowd saying how great it is that the state now has transit on its mind. But all I see is just one more transportation agency.

Harry West must be rolling over in his grave.

Note to readers,the second column in this two-part series is: Expanded rail transit needs to be part of Atlanta region’s future.

Maria Saporta

Maria Saporta, Editor, is a longtime Atlanta business, civic and urban affairs journalist with a deep knowledge of our city, our region and state.  Since 2008, she has written a weekly column and news stories for the Atlanta Business Chronicle. Prior to that, she spent 27 years with The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, becoming its business columnist in 1991. Maria received her Master’s degree in urban studies from Georgia State and her Bachelor’s degree in journalism from Boston University. Maria was born in Atlanta to European parents and has two young adult children.


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  1. Steve Hagen April 9, 2018 10:06 pm

    As a newcomer to Atlanta, all this alphabet soup reminds me of school consolidation efforts many wanted in my home state of Michigan in the 60’s. To this day it hasn’t happened for petty reasons. Instead stakeholders got an Intermediate School District with even more admistrators, wasteful of education dollars.

    I moved here from congested South Florida and over the thirty years I lived there all we got were shelved plans with a taste of Alphasoup over three counties while productiviry suffered

    If the Atlanta region transit challenge was given to any planning classes of the many fine educational institutions in Atlanta, surely students not hardened by politics would recommend a comprehensive effecient approach to transit not an expensive turfwork.

    It seems to me, all need to get on board MARTA to assure it is THE rail authority allowing counties to focus on the movement of their local stakeholders via rubber.Report

  2. Larry Savage April 10, 2018 10:09 am

    Agreeing with Maria Saporta. Shocking. Beyond that, the Gov mentions the $100 million in bond funding. That’s pocket change in the transit business. Maybe that’s intended to fund all the agencies and staffs. As for governance, I think there are problems with the state constitution in deals that compromise the sovereignty of counties and with creation of “Special Districts”. The GA Constitution provides for Special Districts but they must be created in compliance with the other provisions of the constitution, such as the clause for Uniformity of Taxation. In short, the definition of the district cannot be arbitrary based on some wanting it and some not wanting it.Report

  3. Katherine Mitchell April 10, 2018 5:03 pm

    I agree 100% with Maria Saporta. MARTA made great progress under Keith Parker. I hope that progress can continue and that it can achieve even greater success.Report

  4. Richard Layman May 25, 2018 2:36 pm

    DC has all these same issues. I argue for the creation of the equivalent of the German “transport association.”


    Another model you should check out is GoTransit in the Raleigh-Durham region.


    Here is a good journal article about the transport association concept.


    Transit planning and service works that way in Paris too, and mostly it does, but not completely, in London.Report

  5. SRP July 30, 2019 5:38 pm

    Just look at the New York Subway/Long Island Railroad/Metro North Railroad for a good example of commuter transportation. Come on Atlanta, you can do it, too. You don’t even need a car in the boroughs of New York. Cost of a one way trip on the subway, which can take you from the Southern tip of Brooklyn to the Northern tip of the Bronx–$2.70. $1.35 for Seniors.Report


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