Remaking Atlanta: Concerns arise to city’s long-range plan for growth
By David Pendered
Atlanta’s proposal to change social dynamics and housing prices in neighborhoods with single-family houses faces a rising number of challenges in the final days of debate.
Advocates contend the proposal will help Atlanta remake itself from a car-oriented culture housed in neighborhoods designed with an eye to race and income. The reduction of restrictions on the number of dwellings built in existing neighborhoods is intended to encourage development of more housing units – some of which are to cost less to rent or buy than others in the area. Additional incentives are planned to increase density near MARTA rail stations.
In recent weeks, challenges to the proposed Comprehensive Development Plan have emerged. They include:
- The city’s use of a population forecast for 2050 that’s up to 400,000 residents higher than the rough forecast by the Atlanta Regional Commission;
- Volatile politics related to the Buckhead city movement;
- Opposition from civic leaders in historically Black and white neighborhoods;
- Concerns the city’s wealth divide will be exacerbated by promoting growth in stable neighborhoods, rather than areas that could benefit from growth;
- Concerns expressed by state and regional planners.
This stew is coming to a boil as the Atlanta City Council is slated to adopt the proposed CDP as early as Oct. 4. The date of adoption depends on the outcome of a public hearing scheduled for Sept. 27 (public comments due Sept. 26), and a vote by the council’s Community Development/Human Services Committee, scheduled as early as Sept. 28 (agenda not published as of Sept. 20). Once approved by CDHS, the CDP will advance for a vote by the full council.
The proposed CDP is a 596-page document presented in five volumes. It is intended to stand as the city’s long-range plan required by the state in order for Atlanta to benefit from various funds and programs overseen by the state. Georgia’s goals for CDPs include protection of private property rights, and greater certainty about where development will occur and how its public costs will be met.
While Atlanta’s proposed CDP addresses an array of growth-related issues, the proposals affecting residential density have captured the most attention.
The proposed CDP states its intention to prepare for the day in 2050 when 1.2 million individuals reside in the city. The ARC on Monday said its rough forecast for Atlanta’s population in 2050 is about 800,000 residents. Atlanta’s current population is 498,715, according to a report of the recently completed 2020 Census.
Planning Commissioner Tim Keane observes in his introductory letter in the CDP: “Within the next generation, Atlanta’s population will double.” The CDP later explains city planners reached the 1.2 million number by extrapolating from the ARC’s regional forecast for 2050. Language on Page 38 observes:
- “The Atlanta Regional Commission projects that the Atlanta region will grow by 2.9 million people, ballooning to a metro population near 9 million people by 2050. ‘Atlanta City Design’ [another city planning document] proposes the share of the city’s regional population to be much larger [than today] and suggests that the city of Atlanta could more than double its population to 1.2 million residents in a generation.”
Keane introduced raw politics into open conversation last week, casting some critics of the proposed CDP as supporters of the Buckhead city movement who are looking for another reason to leave Atlanta.
Keane is quoted in a Sept. 14 story in atlantaciviccircle.org as saying, in part:
- “You have people that are actively trying to confuse everybody. I mean, the people in Buckhead make up a lot of the energy around this opposition to [zoning reform]. As you know, they’re interested in having their own city, and so everything that they’re doing is related to pushing this narrative that Atlanta is terrible, and we’re trying to destroy Buckhead – whether it’s about crime or single-family neighborhoods.”
More than two weeks before Keane spoke, Keane had been sent a letter of opposition to the proposed CDP signed by civic leaders in historically Black and white neighborhoods. Dated Aug. 26 and emailed to city leadership including Keane, the city’s housing director, the president and all 15 members of the Atlanta City Council, the letter begins:
- “We write to oppose the 2021 CDP update as currently drafted and to ask that you pare it back to only what is legally required for a five-year update.”
The 13-page letter raises concerns including traffic congestion, school overcrowding, tree destruction, flooding – and the CDP’s direction of future growth to neighborhoods that already are developed, at the expense of areas where residents want it. The first headline in the letter states: “We were misled.” The letter later says city residents did not have a seat at the drafting table:
- “[T]he 2021 CDP update – which, despite assertions to the contrary, has received virtually no significant airing among the City’s NPUs, much less its residents….”
The letter was signed by leaders of Neighborhood Planning Units A, B, C, G and I. NPUs A, B and C encompass Buckhead and North Atlanta. NPU G covers the new Westside Park environs, Perry Boulevard, Carey Park and the region west to the city limits. NPU I includes Cascade Heights, West Manor and Collier Heights, including the nature preserves at Lionel Hampton/Beecher Hills and Cascade Springs.
State and regional planners have determined the proposed CDP meets the Minimum Standards for Local Comprehensive Planning. However, there is room for improvement, according a letter to the ARC from the Georgia Department of Community Affairs.
In a Sept. 10 letter, DCA suggests Atlanta revise the next draft to address points including making the document more user-friendly. One example is to make sure page numbers provided in the Table of Contents match the document. Others include:
- “Brevity – include only key information needed by decision-makers in the plan document itself while moving background information and explanatory text to an appendix.
“Clarity – draw decision-makers’ attention to the highest priority goals and initiatives by focusing on them in an executive summary and highlighting throughout the document.
- “Functionality – make it easy to find sections of the plan likely to be referenced most frequently (e.g., the Community Work Program and the Policies) by grouping these together at the front of the document, using tabs or bookmarks, or providing a pull-out ‘users section’ of the plan.“
Note to readers: A virtual public hearing on the proposed Comprehensive Development Plan is scheduled for Sept. 27, starting at 6 p.m. Public comments may not exceed 3 minutes and are to be submitted by phone on Sept. 26 between 4 p.m. and 7 p.m. by calling (404) 330-6021. For materials and dial-in information, click here.