Sustaining rural Georgia a focus of new transportation, broadband initiatives
By David Pendered
Georgia’s latest efforts to strengthen rural Georgia include last week’s unveiling of a transportation initiative, more broadband and continued maintenance of state-owned railroads that offer an alternative to shipping freight by trucks on highways.
All are part of the state’s attempts to support jobs and livable communities beyond the borders of metro Atlanta and other cities. The goal is to stem, if not reverse, a migration from rural areas toward cities.
This pattern is a national phenomenon that, in Georgia, is characterized in two statements in a 2017 report by the Rural Development Council, convened by the state House of Representatives and reauthorized to continue through 2022:
- Two-thirds of the state’s population growth in the past 40 years has been in seven counties, in metro Atlanta and Savannah;
- 71% of indigent, rural Georgians have migrated to cities.
The transportation initiative is an update of the state’s 2017 Freight and Logistics Plan, and it carries the subtitle, A Business Plan for Infrastructure.
The state Department of Transportation convened an industry forum April 20 to describe the state’s intent for the update. Requests for proposals are due June 7 and the timeline envisions approval in January 2023 by the Federal Highway Administration.
The logistics plan aims to leverage the interest the private sector has shown in developing in areas outside metro Atlanta. Some 83% of new private investment of new private investment from July 1 through Oct. 31 was outside metro Atlanta, according to the presentation. Georgia ranked third in the nation in the number of micropolitan areas tracked by “Site Selection” magazine – including Jefferson (2nd), Calhoun (tied for 17th), Bainbridge and Dublin (tied for 21st), Fitzgerald and LaGrange (tied for 32nd), and Americus, Thomasville and Waycross (tied for 55th), according to the report.
The Freight and Logistics Plan is part of Georgia’s overall strategy to improve the statewide transportation network, which is comprised of roads, bridges, airports and seaports, and rail, according to Jannine Miller, the governor’s appointee to the executive team at the Georgia Department of Transportation.
“This is really all about advising our transportation investments so they do the most to improve economic impacts,” Miller said during the presentation.
As part of the Legislature’s effort to help implement mobility improvements across the state, lawmakers this year approved a measure to ensure public private partnerships can be used to help fund intermodal and rail projects. House Bill 577 addresses a wide array of GDOT-related issues, ranging from P3 funding to new rules regarding road work done near certain waterways. The governor’s office is reviewing the legislation, Miller said.
The broadband initiative was placed at the center of the state’s economic focus by business and political leaders in January at the annual Eggs and Issues breakfast, hosted by the Georgia Chamber of Commerce.
Gov. Brian Kemp, Lt. Gov. Geoff Duncan, House Speaker David Ralston, Georgia Chamber board Chair Teresa White and others on the virtual podium spoke specifically to upgrading rural broadband or referenced it in comments about freight and logistics. The attention builds on the foundational work of the House Rural Development Council, of which Ralston has been a forceful advocate.
Kemp and Duncan followed up their comments at the Jan. 13 chamber breakfast with the Feb. 8 announcement that 80,000 homes and businesses soon are to be able to connect to broadband. Valued at $210 million, the agreement brings together Central Georgia EMC, in Jackson; Southern Rivers Energy, in Barnesville; and Conexon to install 6,890 miles of fiber network in 18 counties. Service is to begin in some areas in June, and by 2025 across the area.
On Tuesday, Conexon is to announce a partnership with Middle Georgia EMC to provide broadband in a seven-county area south of Macon. On April 17, Kemp announced Conexon’s agreement with Washinton EMC to provide broadband in 10 counties southwest of Augusta.
The railroad initiative provides $12.5 million to repair and maintain state-owned shortline railroads in order to “to help reduce truck traffic on state highways.” The Legislature agreed to sell a taxable bond and pay it off over a period of up to 20 years in increments of $1.1 million a year, according to the budget for the fiscal year that begins July 1.
This year’s allocation continues the state’s pattern of maintaining these tracks, which serve areas the private sector won’t serve. Funding was provided for tracks in three regions: Northwest Georgia, west of Dalton; Southwest Georgia, west of Albany; and Middle Georgia, north of Albany:
- Heart of Georgia Railroad: $7 million to upgrade bridges and track between Preston and Vidalia. The route serves the excursion train to Jimmy Carter’s birthplace; transports agricultural products and connects to CSX and other railroads.
- Chattooga and Chickamauga Railway: $2.5 million to upgrade bridges and track between Lyerly and Rossville. The route serves an excursion train and agricultural products.
- Georgia Southwestern Railroad: $3 million to upgrade bridges and track between Cuthbert and Lynn. The route serves agricultural products and connects to a CSX spur near Lynn that provides East-West connectivity between Jacksonville, Fl. and New Orleans.